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Comparing Frequency of Abuse During and Before Pregnancy*

1997 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  More often during Less often during About the same Not abused during 12 months before
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 59 19 26.4 13.5-45.2 14 20.7 10.2-37.5 7 17.8 7.7-36.0 19 35.0 20.4-53.1
Age
< 20 years 14 3 28.6 7.7-65.9 4 22.0 6.0-55.4 2 24.0 6.0-61.2 5 25.4 6.7-61.5
20-24 years 27 10 27.9 10.6-55.7 6 18.6 5.6-46.8 2 6.9 1.1-34.1 9 46.6 23.2-71.6
25-34 years 17 5 20.7 4.2-61.0 4 23.3 6.3-57.8 3 30.4 8.4-67.5 5 25.6 7.6-59.1
35+ years 1 1 100 - 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 -
Mother's Race
White 35 13 28.6 12.5-52.8 5 12.2 3.4-35.4 4 17.3 5.8-41.6 13 41.9 22.1-64.8
African American 23 6 23.3 6.8-56.0 8 33.3 13.7-61.1 3 18.9 4.9-51.2 6 24.5 8.6-53.1
Other Minorities 1 0 0.0 - 1 100 - 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 -
Hispanic origin
Yes 1 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 - 1 100 -
No 58 19 27.6 14.2-46.8 14 21.6 10.7-38.9 7 18.6 8.1-37.3 18 32.1 18.1-50.4
Education
< High School 16 7 47.0 17.9-78.3 4 22.6 6.1-56.7 0 0.0 - 5 30.4 8.4-67.5
High School 28 7 19.4 5.8-48.2 4 8.1 1.8-30.0 7 36.3 16.4-62.4 10 36.3 16.8-61.5
> High School 15 5 14.8 3.3-46.9 6 46.9 17.6-78.4 0 0.0 - 4 38.4 12.9-72.4
Marital Status
Married 21 4 3.5 1.1-10.5 7 34.9 13.1-65.6 2 11.5 1.8-48.4 8 50.0 22.5-77.5
Other 38 15 35.0 17.7-57.3 7 15.4 5.5-36.4 5 20.2 7.9-42.8 11 29.4 14.1-51.4
Income
15,999 or less 39 10 15.6 5.1-38.9 10 18.5 7.2-40.1 6 26.6 11.6-50.1 13 39.3 20.7-61.6
16,000-24,999 9 5 23.9 4.8-66.4 1 5.3 0.5-36.9 0 0.0 - 3 70.8 26.6-94.2
25,000-39,999 5 3 77.4 27.6-96.9 1 21.4 2.7-72.6 1 1.2 0.1- 9.8 0 0.0 -
40,000 or more 3 0 0.0 - 1 46.7 6.0-92.3 0 0.0 - 2 53.3 7.7-94.0
WIC recipient
No 15 5 14.7 3.3-46.7 2 24.0 5.9-61.4 2 15.1 2.5-55.1 6 46.2 17.3-77.9
Yes 44 14 29.7 14.3-51.8 12 19.8 8.6-39.4 5 18.6 7.2-40.3 13 31.9 16.4-52.7
Medicaid recipient
No 11 4 20.8 4.2-60.8 3 38.2 10.6-76.4 0 0.0 - 4 41.0 12.1-77.8
Yes 48 15 27.4 13.1-48.5 11 17.8 7.6-36.3 7 20.8 9.0-41.0 15 34.0 18.4-54.1
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 9 4 43.3 16.8-74.3 0 0.0 - 1 13.4 1.9-55.4 4 43.3 16.8-74.3
1500-2499 grams 23 9 35.9 19.2-56.7 8 34.3 17.8-55.7 1 4.7 0.7-26.9 5 25.2 11.0-47.9
2500+ grams 27 6 25.5 12.0-46.3 6 20.0 9.0-38.7 5 18.9 8.0-38.5 10 35.6 20.0-55.2

*Survey Question:
33. During your most recent pregnancy, would you say that you were physically abused more often, less often, or about the same compared with the 12 months before you got pregnant?

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.