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Among smokers, Continuous Smoking Before, During, After Pregnancy *

1997 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  No Yes
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 229 102 48.6 39.2-58.1 127 51.4 41.9-60.8
Age
< 20 years 37 16 57.9 33.6-78.9 21 42.1 21.1-66.4
20-24 years 72 35 46.6 31.4-62.4 37 53.4 37.6-68.6
25-34 years 109 47 48.6 34.9-62.4 62 51.4 37.6-65.1
35+ years 11 4 27.3 5.8-69.7 7 72.7 30.3-94.2
Mother's Race
White 180 78 43.8 33.6-54.5 102 56.2 45.5-66.4
African American 44 23 70.2 48.0-85.8 21 29.8 14.2-52.0
Other Minorities 5 1 24.6 3.5-74.8 4 75.4 25.2-96.5
Hispanic origin
Yes 3 2 92.8 47.9-99.5 1 7.2 0.5-52.1
No 226 100 48.1 38.6-57.7 126 51.9 42.3-61.4
Education
< High School 67 20 32.6 17.5-52.5 47 67.4 47.5-82.5
High School 96 39 43.8 30.0-58.7 57 56.2 41.3-70.0
> High School 66 43 71.5 55.0-83.7 23 28.5 16.3-45.0
Marital Status
Married 136 66 57.1 44.5-68.8 70 42.9 31.2-55.5
Other 93 36 39.4 26.4-54.2 57 60.6 45.8-73.6
Income
15,999 or less 97 31 40.0 26.4-55.3 66 60.0 44.7-73.6
16,000-24,999 45 27 67.9 45.6-84.2 18 32.1 15.8-54.4
25,000-39,999 37 14 42.2 23.1-63.8 23 57.8 36.2-76.9
40,000 or more 41 27 61.9 40.4-79.6 14 38.1 20.4-59.6
WIC recipient
No 94 45 42.1 28.4-57.2 49 57.9 42.8-71.6
Yes 133 56 52.1 39.8-64.2 77 47.9 35.8-60.2
Medicaid recipient
No 86 51 56.0 41.3-69.7 35 44.0 30.3-58.7
Yes 143 51 44.2 32.3-56.8 92 55.8 43.2-67.7
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 52 19 33.5 22.1-47.3 33 66.5 52.7-77.9
1500-2499 grams 88 36 39.1 29.4-49.8 52 60.9 50.2-70.6
2500+ grams 89 47 49.8 39.3-60.4 42 50.2 39.6-60.7

*Survey Question:
Data in this table are constructed from survey questions 21 - 24.

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.