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Kidney/Bladder Problems Resulted in Hospitalization*

1998 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  No Yes
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 494 452 87.1 81.6-91.2 42 12.9 8.8-18.4
Age
< 20 years 91 74 77.8 63.8-87.4 17 22.2 12.6-36.2
20-24 years 145 136 92.0 80.1-97.1 9 8.0 2.9-19.9
25-34 years 203 192 87.9 78.1-93.7 11 12.1 6.3-21.9
35+ years 55 50 92.7 73.6-98.3 5 7.3 1.7-26.4
Mother's Race
White 287 265 89.0 81.8-93.6 22 11.0 6.4-18.2
African American 189 169 81.4 70.1-89.1 20 18.6 10.9-29.9
Other Minorities 18 18 100 - 0 0.0 -
Hispanic origin
Yes 22 20 79.7 44.7-95.0 2 20.3 5.0-55.3
No 471 431 87.6 82.0-91.6 40 12.4 8.4-18.0
Education
< High School 119 108 86.8 74.6-93.7 11 13.2 6.3-25.4
High School 180 160 80.1 69.1-87.9 20 19.9 12.1-30.9
> High School 195 184 94.4 86.3-97.8 11 5.6 2.2-13.7
Marital Status
Married 301 280 89.0 81.9-93.5 21 11.0 6.5-18.1
Other 193 172 84.8 74.9-91.2 21 15.2 8.8-25.1
Income
15,999 or less 177 156 82.5 72.1-89.6 21 17.5 10.4-27.9
16,000-24,999 85 81 91.0 76.2-96.9 4 9.0 3.1-23.8
25,000-39,999 87 82 90.8 76.1-96.9 5 9.2 3.1-23.9
40,000 or more 105 101 96.3 84.3-99.2 4 3.7 0.8-15.7
WIC recipient
No 219 206 93.7 86.2-97.3 13 6.3 2.7-13.8
Yes 272 243 82.7 74.5-88.6 29 17.3 11.4-25.5
Medicaid recipient
No 195 184 92.6 84.4-96.6 11 7.4 3.4-15.6
Yes 299 268 83.8 75.8-89.5 31 16.2 10.5-24.2
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 131 124 93.8 87.3-97.1 7 6.2 2.9-12.7
1500-2499 grams 206 192 93.4 89.1-96.1 14 6.6 3.9-10.9
2500+ grams 155 134 85.9 79.3-90.7 21 14.1 9.3-20.7

*Survey Question:
What problems caused you to stay in the hospital? 28e. Kidney or bladder infection

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.