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Comparing Frequency of Abuse During and Before Pregnancy*

1998 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  More often during Less often during About the same Not abused during 12 months before
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 110 30 27.6 17.6-40.5 32 33.1 22.3-46.0 20 18.3 10.4-30.3 28 21.0 12.6-32.8
Age
< 20 years 34 7 22.9 9.6-45.4 10 32.8 16.3-54.9 6 16.8 6.0-38.8 11 27.6 12.9-49.6
20-24 years 35 12 27.9 10.9-55.0 10 18.8 6.6-43.3 7 30.4 12.6-57.0 6 22.9 8.1-49.8
25-34 years 35 11 35.5 18.0-57.9 10 43.8 24.4-65.4 6 12.0 3.7-32.8 8 8.6 2.8-24.0
35+ years 6 0 0.0 - 2 42.2 6.3-88.8 1 3.9 0.4-29.1 3 53.9 10.1-92.4
Mother's Race
White 56 15 30.7 17.1-48.9 18 24.9 13.3-41.9 13 27.0 14.5-44.7 10 17.4 7.8-34.3
African American 51 15 25.4 12.3-45.1 12 39.7 22.5-59.9 6 6.8 1.8-22.4 18 28.1 14.4-47.6
Other Minorities 3 0 0.0 - 2 95.5 65.8-99.6 1 4.5 0.4-34.2 0 0.0 -
Hispanic origin
Yes 8 1 38.5 5.8-86.4 2 3.9 0.6-21.4 2 28.0 3.8-79.4 3 29.5 4.3-79.6
No 102 29 26.7 16.8-39.7 30 35.5 24.0-48.8 18 17.5 9.6-29.8 25 20.3 11.9-32.4
Education
< High School 48 12 22.0 9.7-42.5 13 36.8 20.4-56.9 9 19.8 8.4-40.0 14 21.4 9.6-41.1
High School 36 11 40.0 22.3-60.8 12 26.6 12.5-47.8 4 13.4 4.5-33.5 9 20.0 8.7-39.9
> High School 26 7 12.9 3.0-41.3 7 39.0 16.3-67.7 7 26.1 8.3-57.8 5 22.0 6.5-53.2
Marital Status
Married 40 10 30.2 14.8-51.9 14 35.8 19.6-56.0 8 18.9 7.8-39.1 8 15.1 5.8-34.0
Other 70 20 25.9 14.2-42.5 18 31.4 18.2-48.5 12 17.9 8.4-34.3 20 24.8 13.5-41.0
Income
15,999 or less 60 20 28.8 15.7-46.6 19 41.4 25.6-59.2 9 13.0 5.0-29.8 12 16.9 7.5-34.0
16,000-24,999 19 5 30.2 9.0-65.3 5 23.9 6.9-57.1 3 11.8 2.1-45.4 6 34.2 12.5-65.4
25,000-39,999 14 4 48.8 20.2-78.2 3 24.5 6.4-60.7 3 13.1 2.3-49.3 4 13.6 2.8-46.2
40,000 or more 5 0 0.0 - 1 22.7 3.0-73.5 3 52.4 14.0-88.2 1 24.9 3.4-75.8
WIC recipient
No 35 10 26.5 11.5-50.0 12 36.1 18.3-58.8 7 24.7 10.0-49.0 6 12.7 4.0-33.8
Yes 73 20 28.2 16.2-44.3 19 31.7 19.2-47.7 12 15.3 7.2-29.6 22 24.8 14.0-40.0
Medicaid recipient
No 16 3 21.7 6.0-54.8 4 21.8 6.3-53.7 3 31.9 10.9-64.1 6 24.7 7.8-56.0
Yes 94 27 28.7 17.7-43.1 28 35.3 23.2-49.6 17 15.7 8.0-28.7 22 20.3 11.4-33.4
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 22 6 29.0 13.6-51.5 6 25.9 12.0-47.4 5 23.6 10.0-46.1 5 21.5 9.1-42.7
1500-2499 grams 38 11 27.9 16.0-44.2 9 24.5 13.1-41.0 6 15.4 6.9-31.0 12 32.2 19.2-48.7
2500+ grams 49 13 27.6 16.7-42.0 17 34.1 22.2-48.3 9 18.5 9.9-31.9 10 19.9 11.0-33.3

*Survey Question:
33. During your most recent pregnancy, would you say that you were physically abused more often,
less often, or about the same compared with the 12 months before you got pregnant?

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.