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Among smokers, Continuous Smoking Before, During, After Pregnancy *

1998 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  No Yes
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 507 214 47.6 41.8-53.5 293 52.4 46.5-58.2
Age
< 20 years 88 36 44.8 32.0-58.3 52 55.2 41.7-68.0
20-24 years 182 87 56.8 46.9-66.1 95 43.2 33.9-53.1
25-34 years 185 73 41.6 32.6-51.2 112 58.4 48.8-67.4
35+ years 52 18 41.6 24.3-61.3 34 58.4 38.7-75.7
Mother's Race
White 392 166 47.9 41.5-54.3 226 52.1 45.7-58.5
African American 101 44 48.9 34.0-63.9 57 51.1 36.1-66.0
Other Minorities 14 4 34.1 9.6-71.6 10 65.9 28.4-90.4
Hispanic origin
Yes 8 4 65.2 20.8-93.0 4 34.8 7.0-79.2
No 498 210 47.6 41.7-53.5 288 52.4 46.5-58.3
Education
< High School 150 41 30.3 21.0-41.7 109 69.7 58.3-79.0
High School 215 97 48.4 39.9-57.1 118 51.6 42.9-60.1
> High School 142 76 63.8 52.9-73.5 66 36.2 26.5-47.1
Marital Status
Married 305 144 49.3 42.1-56.6 161 50.7 43.4-57.9
Other 202 70 44.9 35.4-54.7 132 55.1 45.3-64.6
Income
15,999 or less 205 60 39.6 30.8-49.1 145 60.4 50.9-69.2
16,000-24,999 98 46 46.3 33.2-60.0 52 53.7 40.0-66.8
25,000-39,999 78 36 48.6 34.6-62.8 42 51.4 37.2-65.4
40,000 or more 91 56 62.9 49.8-74.4 35 37.1 25.6-50.2
WIC recipient
No 223 107 53.5 44.8-62.0 116 46.5 38.0-55.2
Yes 283 107 43.3 35.7-51.2 176 56.7 48.8-64.3
Medicaid recipient
No 190 101 54.0 44.9-62.8 89 46.0 37.2-55.1
Yes 317 113 43.3 35.9-51.0 204 56.7 49.0-64.1
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 85 37 41.5 31.4-52.4 48 58.5 47.6-68.6
1500-2499 grams 187 59 30.1 23.8-37.1 128 69.9 62.9-76.2
2500+ grams 234 117 49.3 42.9-55.7 117 50.7 44.3-57.1

*Survey Question:
Data in this table are constructed from survey questions 21 - 24.

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.