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Comparing Frequency of Abuse During and Before Pregnancy*

1999 North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Survey Results
  More often during Less often during About the same No abused during 12 months before
Demographic Groups Total Respondents N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I. N % 95% C.I.
Total 95 23 24.6 15.0-37.8 36 44.7 31.9-58.3 13 7.6 3.1-17.3 23 23.0 13.6-36.2
Age
< 20 years 23 7 43.9 18.6-72.7 5 27.7 8.3-61.7 6 14.4 3.4-44.9 5 14.0 3.2-44.9
20-24 years 27 7 20.9 7.8-45.1 9 44.8 23.8-67.8 3 11.4 2.9-35.5 8 22.9 8.7-47.8
25-34 years 42 9 20.3 8.8-40.4 20 49.4 30.4-68.6 3 1.2 0.3- 4.2 10 29.0 14.2-50.2
35+ years 3 0 0.0 - 2 90.2 38.9-99.3 1 9.8 0.7-61.1 0 0.0 -
Mother's Race
White 48 11 17.9 7.9-35.6 16 47.1 29.3-65.6 7 12.2 4.2-30.4 14 22.9 10.9-41.9
African American 44 11 29.8 14.9-50.7 18 41.9 24.2-62.0 6 3.1 1.3- 7.3 9 25.2 11.6-46.2
Other Minorities 3 1 53.5 7.1-94.5 2 46.5 5.5-92.9 0 0.0 - 0 0.0 -
Hispanic origin
Yes 4 0 0.0 - 2 71.8 19.9-96.3 0 0.0 - 2 28.2 3.7-80.1
No 91 23 26.3 16.0-40.1 34 42.9 29.9-56.9 13 8.1 3.4-18.4 21 22.7 13.1-36.4
Education
< High School 39 8 25.4 10.7-49.0 14 49.6 28.2-71.1 7 8.3 2.0-28.1 10 16.8 5.8-39.9
High School 39 10 20.4 8.9-40.0 17 50.1 31.2-69.0 4 6.1 1.4-23.3 8 23.4 10.5-44.1
> High School 17 5 34.0 12.1-65.9 5 21.2 6.0-53.1 2 10.0 1.5-44.5 5 34.7 12.6-66.3
Marital Status
Married 36 8 18.9 8.0-38.6 13 38.1 21.0-58.8 4 8.8 2.3-28.0 11 34.1 17.8-55.3
Other 59 15 29.3 15.7-48.0 23 50.2 32.8-67.5 9 6.6 2.1-19.4 12 13.9 5.7-29.9
Income
15,999 or less 59 11 13.5 5.6-29.2 24 53.0 35.8-69.5 9 9.3 3.2-24.0 15 24.3 12.3-42.2
16,000-24,999 17 6 43.2 18.0-72.4 5 32.0 11.3-63.7 2 1.6 0.3- 7.6 4 23.2 6.5-56.7
25,000-39,999 6 3 68.2 20.1-94.8 1 1.4 0.2-11.8 1 27.0 3.5-79.0 1 3.4 0.4-25.1
40,000 or more 4 2 52.5 13.4-88.8 1 23.7 3.1-75.0 0 0.0 - 1 23.7 3.1-75.0
WIC recipient
No 24 8 45.8 20.6-73.4 7 26.5 8.9-57.0 5 4.3 1.4-12.6 4 23.5 6.8-56.5
Yes 71 15 19.9 10.5-34.4 29 48.9 34.2-63.7 8 8.4 3.1-20.4 19 22.9 12.7-37.8
Medicaid recipient
No 16 5 36.7 13.2-68.8 5 24.9 6.9-59.8 1 0.5 0.1- 4.2 5 37.9 13.6-70.2
Yes 79 18 22.3 12.4-36.8 31 48.6 34.3-63.2 12 9.0 3.7-20.4 18 20.1 10.7-34.5
Infant's birth weight
Under 1500 grams 15 1 10.7 1.5-47.7 7 42.3 20.7-67.3 4 24.1 9.1-50.2 3 23.0 7.4-52.5
1500-2499 grams 34 10 29.2 16.3-46.5 9 29.0 15.9-46.9 6 17.5 8.0-34.1 9 24.3 13.0-40.8
2500+ grams 44 11 24.4 14.0-39.1 20 46.2 32.1-61.0 3 6.5 2.1-18.4 10 22.9 12.7-37.6

*Survey Question:
33. During your most recent pregnancy, would you say that you were physically abused more often,
less often, or about the same compared with the 12 months before you got pregnant?

Percents based on fewer than 50 total respondents may not be reliable.
Interpret these percentages with caution. C.I. = confidence interval.