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Risk Factors and Characteristics for
2001 North Carolina Resident Live Births

to Mothers Receiving WIC during the Prenatal or Postpartum Period

TOTAL WHITE BLACK OTHER RACES HISPANIC
(ALL RACES)
# % # % # % # % # %
Total 45,570 100 26,716 58.6 17,132 37.6 1,722 3.8 7,259 15.9
Birthweight
  <500 grams 110 0.2 39 0.1 68 0.4 3 0.2 4 0.1
  500 -1,499 grams 786 1.7 320 1.2 438 2.6 28 1.6 67 0.9
  1,500 - 2,499 grams 3,675 8.1 1,786 6.7 1,759 10.3 130 7.5 345 4.8
  2,500+ grams 40,989 89.9 24,565 91.9 14,863 86.8 1,561 90.7 6,842 94.3
  Unknown 10 0.0 6 0.0 4 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0
Gestational Age
  < 27 weeks 379 0.8 139 0.5 227 1.3 13 0.8 23 0.3
  27-31 weeks 669 1.5 316 1.2 331 1.9 22 1.3 70 1.0
  32-36 weeks 4,137 9.1 2,222 8.3 1,784 10.4 131 7.6 455 6.3
  37+ weeks 40,369 88.6 24,030 89.9 14,783 86.3 1,556 90.4 6,709 92.4
  Unknown 16 0.0 9 0.0 7 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.0
Mother's Age
  Under 18 Years 3,760 8.3 1,880 7.0 1,713 10.0 167 9.7 481 6.6
  18 - 34 Years 39,486 86.6 23,547 88.1 14,493 84.6 1,446 84.0 6,430 88.6
  35+ Years 2,324 5.1 1,289 4.8 926 5.4 109 6.3 348 4.8
  Unknown   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
Mother's Education
  <9 Years 4,361 9.6 3,824 14.3 433 2.5 104 6.0 2,907 40.0
  9 - 11 Years 13,038 28.6 7,831 29.3 4,688 27.4 519 30.1 2,073 28.6
  12 Years 18,235 40.0 9,993 37.4 7,526 43.9 716 41.6 1,614 22.2
  >12 years 9,854 21.6 5,010 18.8 4,466 26.1 378 22.0 625 8.6
  Unknown 82 0.2 58 0.2 19 0.1 5 0.3 40 0.6
Out-of-Wedlock
  Yes 27,718 60.8 13,009 48.7 13,728 80.1 981 57.0 3,754 51.7
  No 17,846 39.2 13,703 51.3 3,402 19.9 741 43.0 3,505 48.3
  Unknown 6 0.0 4 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Parity
  1 16,005 35.1 9,506 35.6 5,851 34.2 648 37.6 2,677 36.9
  2-3 21,116 46.3 12,738 47.7 7,638 44.6 740 43.0 3,433 47.3
  4+ 8,404 18.4 4,452 16.7 3,619 21.1 333 19.3 1,143 15.7
  Unknown 45 0.1 20 0.1 24 0.1 1 0.1 6 0.1
Trimester Care Began
  First 35,231 77.3 21,153 79.2 12,796 74.7 1,282 74.4 4,977 68.6
  Second 8,592 18.9 4,565 17.1 3,634 21.2 393 22.8 1,807 24.9
  Third 1,355 3.0 761 2.8 557 3.3 37 2.1 372 5.1
  No Care 140 0.3 79 0.3 56 0.3 5 0.3 42 0.6
  Unknown 252 0.6 158 0.6 89 0.5 5 0.3 61 0.8
Kotelchuck Index (Adequacy of Prenatal Care)
  Missing Info 405 0.9 263 1.0 136 0.8 6 0.3 102 1.4
  Inadequate 6,083 13.3 3,201 12.0 2,639 15.4 243 14.1 1,474 20.3
  Intermediate 3,742 8.2 2,327 8.7 1,269 7.4 146 8.5 934 12.9
  Adequate 16,540 36.3 10,102 37.8 5,640 32.9 798 46.3 2,608 35.9
  Adequate+ 18,800 41.3 10,823 40.5 7,448 43.5 529 30.7 2,141 29.5
Mother Smoked?
  Yes 9,362 20.5 6,905 25.8 2,138 12.5 319 18.5 120 1.7
  No 36,113 79.2 19,745 73.9 14,968 87.4 1,400 81.3 7,131 98.2
  Unknown 95 0.2 66 0.2 26 0.2 3 0.2 8 0.1
Method of Delivery
  Vaginal 34,650 76.0 20,629 77.2 12,717 74.2 1,304 75.7 5,793 79.8
  C-Section 10,913 23.9 6,083 22.8 4,412 25.8 418 24.3 1,466 20.2
  Unknown 7 0.0 4 0.0 3 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Mother's Medicaid Status
  Prenatal Medicaid* 30,834 67.7 15,647 58.6 13,936 81.3 1,251 72.6 983 13.5
  Emergency Medicaid** 4,879 10.7 4,704 17.6 83 0.5 92 5.3 4,557 62.8
  Non-Medicaid 9,857 21.6 6,365 23.8 3,113 18.2 379 22.0 1,719 23.7
Infants of < 2,499 grams only
Level of Care***
  Level III 2,496 55.0 1,102 51.8 1,335 59.1 59 38.1 280 67.5
  Other 2,045 45.0 1,025 48.2 924 40.9 96 61.9 135 32.5
Infants of 500-1,499 grams only
Level of Care***
  Level III 609 78.2 248 78.5 343 78.5 18 69.2 62 92.5
  Other 170 21.8 68 21.5 94 21.5 8 30.8 5 7.5

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery.
** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding

Source: State Center for Health Statistics
NC Department of Health and Human Services


Page Last Updated March 09, 2012

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