RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2005 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING THE PRENATAL OR POSTPARTUM PERIOD

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 48,092 100.0 19,433 100.0 16,506 100.0 1,761 100.0 10,392 100.0
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 109 0.2 21 0.1 70 0.4 3 0.2 15 0.1
< 500 grams
500-1499 grams 807 1.7 263 1.4 444 2.7 22 1.2 78 0.8
1500-2499 grams 3,942 8.2 1,540 7.9 1,763 10.7 127 7.2 512 4.9
2500+ grams 43,230 89.9 17,606 90.6 14,228 86.2 1,609 91.4 9,787 94.2
Unknown 4 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 368 0.8 100 0.5 217 1.3 7 0.4 44 0.4
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 623 1.3 219 1.1 314 1.9 23 1.3 67 0.6
32-36 weeks 4,557 9.5 1,957 10.1 1,779 10.8 154 8.7 667 6.4
37+ weeks 42,533 88.4 17,151 88.3 14,194 86.0 1,577 89.6 9,611 92.5
Unknown 11 0.0 6 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 3 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 3,501 7.3 1,201 6.2 1,586 9.6 135 7.7 579 5.6
< 18 years
18-34 years 41,948 87.2 17,263 88.8 14,047 85.1 1,505 85.5 9,133 87.9
35+ years 2,643 5.5 969 5.0 873 5.3 121 6.9 680 6.5
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 5,128 10.7 718 3.7 434 2.6 109 6.2 3,867 37.2
< 9 years
9 - 11 years 12,634 26.3 4,875 25.1 4,080 24.7 422 24.0 3,257 31.3
12 years 18,514 38.5 8,432 43.4 6,980 42.3 747 42.4 2,355 22.7
> 12 years 11,687 24.3 5,372 27.6 4,968 30.1 475 27.0 872 8.4
Unknown 129 0.3 36 0.2 44 0.3 8 0.5 41 0.4
MARRIED: 16,935 35.2 8,975 46.2 2,819 17.1 730 41.5 4,411 42.4
Yes
No 31,154 64.8 10,455 53.8 13,687 82.9 1,031 58.5 5,981 57.6
Unknown 3 0.0 3 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PARITY: 16,749 34.8 7,130 36.7 5,914 35.8 660 37.5 3,045 29.3
1
2-3 22,081 45.9 8,863 45.6 7,138 43.2 797 45.3 5,283 50.8
4+ 9,226 19.2 3,425 17.6 3,442 20.9 303 17.2 2,056 19.8
Unknown 36 0.1 15 0.1 12 0.1 1 0.1 8 0.1
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 36,865 76.7 16,010 82.4 12,462 75.5 1,354 76.9 7,039 67.7
First
Second 9,334 19.4 2,860 14.7 3,341 20.2 357 20.3 2,776 26.7
Third 1,312 2.7 368 1.9 481 2.9 35 2.0 428 4.1
No care 139 0.3 43 0.2 52 0.3 5 0.3 39 0.4
Unknown 442 0.9 152 0.8 170 1.0 10 0.6 110 1.1
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 747 1.6 251 1.3 280 1.7 16 0.9 200 1.9
Missing
Inadequate 6,345 13.2 1,821 9.4 2,237 13.6 234 13.3 2,053 19.8
Intermediate 4,348 9.0 1,505 7.7 1,236 7.5 130 7.4 1,477 14.2
Adequate 16,924 35.2 7,343 37.8 5,363 32.5 745 42.3 3,473 33.4
Adequate Plus 19,728 41.0 8,513 43.8 7,390 44.8 636 36.1 3,189 30.7
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,396 17.5 6,070 31.2 1,875 11.4 308 17.5 143 1.4
Yes
No 39,671 82.5 13,358 68.7 14,613 88.5 1,453 82.5 10,247 98.6
Unknown 25 0.1 5 0.0 18 0.1 0 0 2 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 34,754 72.3 13,887 71.5 11,550 70.0 1,292 73.4 8,025 77.2
Vaginal
C-Section 13,336 27.7 5,545 28.5 4,956 30.0 469 26.6 2,366 22.8
Unknown 2 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS 32,566 67.7 15,619 80.4 14,176 85.9 1,329 75.5 1,442 13.9
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 7,159 14.9 181 0.9 147 0.9 105 6.0 6,726 64.7
Non-Medicaid 8,367 17.4 3,633 18.7 2,183 13.2 327 18.6 2,224 21.4
INFANTS 500-1499 GRAMS - Level of Care***: 636 79.0 190 72.5 370 83.3 12 57.1 64 82.1
Level III
Other 169 21.0 72 27.5 74 16.7 9 42.9 14 17.9
INFANTS <2499 GRAMS - Level of Care***: 2,673 55.3 847 46.7 1,379 60.7 65 43.6 382 63.6
Level III
Other 2,162 44.7 966 53.3 893 39.3 84 56.4 219 36.4

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services