RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2006 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING THE PRENATAL OR POSTPARTUM PERIOD

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 51,064 100.0 20,311 100.0 17,544 100.0 1,917 100.0 11,292 100.0
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 95 0.2 11 0.1 66 0.4 3 0.2 15 0.1
< 500 grams
500-1499 grams 810 1.6 256 1.3 435 2.5 25 1.3 94 0.8
1500-2499 grams 4,123 8.1 1,589 7.8 1,863 10.6 135 7.0 536 4.7
2500+ grams 46,028 90.1 18,452 90.8 15,179 86.5 1,754 91.5 10,643 94.3
Unknown 8 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 4 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 370 0.7 89 0.4 230 1.3 10 0.5 41 0.4
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 625 1.2 216 1.1 299 1.7 17 0.9 93 0.8
32-36 weeks 4,648 9.1 1,929 9.5 1,873 10.7 142 7.4 704 6.2
37+ weeks 45,409 88.9 18,074 89.0 15,133 86.3 1,748 91.2 10,454 92.6
Unknown 12 0.0 3 0.0 9 0.1 0 0 0 0
MOTHER'S AGE: 3,640 7.1 1,304 6.4 1,534 8.7 140 7.3 662 5.9
< 18 years
18-34 years 44,543 87.2 18,011 88.7 15,044 85.8 1,634 85.2 9,854 87.3
35+ years 2,881 5.6 996 4.9 966 5.5 143 7.5 776 6.9
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 5,388 10.6 824 4.1 435 2.5 123 6.4 4,006 35.5
< 9 years
9 - 11 years 13,415 26.3 5,034 24.8 4,243 24.2 467 24.4 3,671 32.5
12 years 19,628 38.4 8,804 43.3 7,515 42.8 796 41.5 2,513 22.3
> 12 years 12,495 24.5 5,603 27.6 5,312 30.3 524 27.3 1,056 9.4
Unknown 138 0.3 46 0.2 39 0.2 7 0.4 46 0.4
MARRIED: 17,333 33.9 8,976 44.2 2,794 15.9 818 42.7 4,745 42.0
Yes
No 33,726 66.0 11,334 55.8 14,748 84.1 1,099 57.3 6,545 58.0
Unknown 5 0.0 1 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 2 0.0
PARITY: 18,010 35.3 7,799 38.4 6,245 35.6 706 36.8 3,260 28.9
1
2-3 23,213 45.5 9,089 44.7 7,538 43.0 871 45.4 5,715 50.6
4+ 9,799 19.2 3,410 16.8 3,744 21.3 339 17.7 2,306 20.4
Unknown 42 0.1 13 0.1 17 0.1 1 0.1 11 0.1
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 38,824 76.0 16,738 82.4 13,130 74.8 1,437 75.0 7,519 66.6
First
Second 10,316 20.2 3,017 14.9 3,706 21.1 411 21.4 3,182 28.2
Third 1,349 2.6 384 1.9 479 2.7 47 2.5 439 3.9
No care 147 0.3 31 0.2 72 0.4 6 0.3 38 0.3
Unknown 428 0.8 141 0.7 157 0.9 16 0.8 114 1.0
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 822 1.6 268 1.3 292 1.7 22 1.1 240 2.1
Missing
Inadequate 6,950 13.6 1,859 9.2 2,541 14.5 256 13.4 2,294 20.3
Intermediate 5,105 10.0 1,819 9.0 1,460 8.3 209 10.9 1,617 14.3
Adequate 18,227 35.7 8,048 39.6 5,540 31.6 790 41.2 3,849 34.1
Adequate Plus 19,960 39.1 8,317 40.9 7,711 44.0 640 33.4 3,292 29.2
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,570 16.8 6,094 30.0 2,005 11.4 335 17.5 136 1.2
Yes
No 42,465 83.2 14,202 69.9 15,530 88.5 1,581 82.5 11,152 98.8
Unknown 29 0.1 15 0.1 9 0.1 1 0.1 4 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 36,501 71.5 14,378 70.8 12,122 69.1 1,373 71.6 8,628 76.4
Vaginal
C-Section 14,560 28.5 5,931 29.2 5,422 30.9 544 28.4 2,663 23.6
Unknown 3 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS 34,559 67.7 16,299 80.2 15,179 86.5 1,437 75.0 1,644 14.6
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 7,980 15.6 225 1.1 139 0.8 139 7.3 7,477 66.2
Non-Medicaid 8,525 16.7 3,787 18.6 2,226 12.7 341 17.8 2,171 19.2
INFANTS 500-1499 GRAMS - Level of Care***: 637 79.3 189 75.6 352 81.1 16 64.0 80 85.1
Level III
Other 166 20.7 61 24.4 82 18.9 9 36.0 14 14.9
INFANTS <2499 GRAMS - Level of Care***: 2,709 54.3 851 46.4 1,379 58.6 57 35.2 422 65.7
Level III
Other 2,283 45.7 982 53.6 976 41.4 105 64.8 220 34.3

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services