RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
ALL MOTHERS

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 120,403 100.0 67,542 100.0 28,509 100.0 6,135 100.0 18,217 100.0
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 286 0.2 94 0.1 146 0.5 9 0.1 37 0.2
500 grams or less
501-1500 grams 1,853 1.5 772 1.1 786 2.8 88 1.4 207 1.1
1501-2500 grams 8,766 7.3 4,180 6.2 3,100 10.9 473 7.7 1,013 5.6
2501+ grams 109,464 90.9 62,477 92.5 24,466 85.8 5,565 90.7 16,956 93.1
Unknown 34 0.0 19 0.0 11 0.0 0 0 4 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 801 0.7 274 0.4 398 1.4 33 0.5 96 0.5
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 1,576 1.3 700 1.0 609 2.1 80 1.3 187 1.0
32-36 weeks 12,106 10.1 5,944 8.8 3,722 13.1 619 10.1 1,821 10.0
37+ weeks 105,813 87.9 60,573 89.7 23,740 83.3 5,398 88.0 16,102 88.4
Unknown 107 0.1 51 0.1 40 0.1 5 0.1 11 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 3,200 2.7 1,138 1.7 1,207 4.2 122 2.0 733 4.0
< 18 years
18-34 years 101,262 84.1 56,728 84.0 24,486 85.9 4,977 81.1 15,071 82.7
35+ years 15,931 13.2 9,671 14.3 2,813 9.9 1,035 16.9 2,412 13.2
Unknown 10 0.0 5 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 23,401 19.4 6,558 9.7 5,584 19.6 1,083 17.7 10,176 55.9
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 27,178 22.6 13,496 20.0 8,437 29.6 1,172 19.1 4,073 22.4
Some College 36,142 30.0 22,183 32.8 10,067 35.3 1,303 21.2 2,589 14.2
Bachelors Degree 22,210 18.4 16,902 25.0 3,030 10.6 1,330 21.7 948 5.2
Masters or PhD 11,004 9.1 8,106 12.0 1,327 4.7 1,219 19.9 352 1.9
Unknown 468 0.4 297 0.4 64 0.2 28 0.5 79 0.4
MARITAL STATUS: 71,160 59.1 49,923 73.9 8,001 28.1 4,400 71.7 8,836 48.5
Married
Unmarried 49,182 40.8 17,584 26.0 20,491 71.9 1,733 28.2 9,374 51.5
Unknown 61 0.1 35 0.1 17 0.1 2 0.0 7 0.0
PARITY: 41,196 34.2 25,190 37.3 9,145 32.1 2,267 37.0 4,594 25.2
1
2-3 55,627 46.2 31,607 46.8 12,265 43.0 2,962 48.3 8,793 48.3
4+ 23,450 19.5 10,676 15.8 7,068 24.8 899 14.7 4,807 26.4
Unknown 130 0.1 69 0.1 31 0.1 7 0.1 23 0.1
PLURALITY 116,219 96.5 65,029 96.3 27,388 96.1 5,982 97.5 17,820 97.8
Singleton
Twin 3,990 3.3 2,388 3.5 1,072 3.8 147 2.4 383 2.1
Other Multiples 190 0.2 122 0.2 48 0.2 6 0.1 14 0.1
Missing Information 4 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 83,791 69.6 46,382 68.7 19,267 67.6 4,357 71.0 13,785 75.7
Vaginal
C-Section 36,590 30.4 21,144 31.3 9,240 32.4 1,776 28.9 4,430 24.3
Unknown 22 0.0 16 0.0 2 0.0 2 0.0 2 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 85,706 71.2 52,676 78.0 18,242 64.0 4,328 70.5 10,460 57.4
First
Second 26,496 22.0 11,449 17.0 7,527 26.4 1,350 22.0 6,170 33.9
Third 4,869 4.0 1,834 2.7 1,706 6.0 279 4.5 1,050 5.8
No care 1,645 1.4 573 0.8 655 2.3 93 1.5 324 1.8
Unknown 1,687 1.4 1,010 1.5 379 1.3 85 1.4 213 1.2
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 2,179 1.8 1,277 1.9 478 1.7 119 1.9 305 1.7
Missing
Inadequate 19,156 15.9 7,282 10.8 6,397 22.4 1,069 17.4 4,408 24.2
Intermediate 8,778 7.3 4,637 6.9 1,906 6.7 531 8.7 1,704 9.4
Adequate 37,957 31.5 22,753 33.7 7,686 27.0 1,985 32.4 5,533 30.4
Adequate Plus 52,333 43.5 31,593 46.8 12,042 42.2 2,431 39.6 6,267 34.4
MOTHER SMOKED? 13,159 10.9 9,448 14.0 2,944 10.3 460 7.5 307 1.7
Yes
No 106,651 88.6 57,664 85.4 25,453 89.3 5,652 92.1 17,882 98.2
Unknown 593 0.5 430 0.6 112 0.4 23 0.4 28 0.2
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS 56,472 46.9 27,263 40.4 21,952 77.0 2,694 43.9 4,563 25.0
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 10,608 8.8 72 0.1 126 0.4 193 3.1 10,217 56.1
Non-Medicaid 53,323 44.3 40,207 59.5 6,431 22.6 3,248 52.9 3,437 18.9


2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
VERY LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS 500-1499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants 500-1499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 1,434 78.8 587 78.1 616 79.6 67 76.1 164 79.6
Level III
Other 386 21.2 165 21.9 158 20.4 21 23.9 42 20.4


2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS <2499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants <2499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 6,018 56.1 2,555 51.8 2,421 60.8 284 50.8 758 61.0
Level III
Other 4,704 43.9 2,381 48.2 1,563 39.2 275 49.2 485 39.0

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services