RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 52,178 100.0 21,006 100.0 17,778 100.0 2,131 100.0 11,263 100.0
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 106 0.2 21 0.1 74 0.4 2 0.1 9 0.1
500 grams or less
501-1500 grams 790 1.5 252 1.2 420 2.4 23 1.1 95 0.8
1501-2500 grams 4,169 8.0 1,464 7.0 1,949 11.0 177 8.3 579 5.1
2501+ grams 47,106 90.3 19,266 91.7 15,331 86.2 1,929 90.5 10,580 93.9
Unknown 7 0.0 3 0.0 4 0.0 0 0 0 0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 342 0.7 91 0.4 208 1.2 9 0.4 34 0.3
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 663 1.3 196 0.9 347 2.0 28 1.3 92 0.8
32-36 weeks 5,480 10.5 1,899 9.0 2,264 12.7 237 11.1 1,080 9.6
37+ weeks 45,672 87.5 18,811 89.6 14,950 84.1 1,856 87.1 10,055 89.3
Unknown 21 0.0 9 0.0 9 0.1 1 0.0 2 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,452 4.7 865 4.1 967 5.4 84 3.9 536 4.8
< 18 years
18-34 years 45,988 88.1 18,972 90.3 15,747 88.6 1,843 86.5 9,426 83.7
35+ years 3,735 7.2 1,168 5.6 1,063 6.0 204 9.6 1,300 11.5
Unknown 3 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 16,246 31.1 4,496 21.4 4,042 22.7 648 30.4 7,060 62.7
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 16,792 32.2 7,482 35.6 6,036 34.0 699 32.8 2,575 22.9
Some College 16,143 30.9 7,759 36.9 6,486 36.5 575 27.0 1,323 11.7
Bachelors Degree 2,495 4.8 1,093 5.2 1,027 5.8 151 7.1 224 2.0
Masters or PhD 435 0.8 168 0.8 177 1.0 52 2.4 38 0.3
Unknown 67 0.1 8 0.0 10 0.1 6 0.3 43 0.4
MARITAL STATUS: 17,723 34.0 9,238 44.0 2,810 15.8 962 45.1 4,713 41.8
Married
Unmarried 34,423 66.0 11,749 55.9 14,959 84.1 1,168 54.8 6,547 58.1
Unknown 32 0.1 19 0.1 9 0.1 1 0.0 3 0.0
PARITY: 17,738 34.0 8,008 38.1 6,232 35.1 741 34.8 2,757 24.5
1
2-3 23,154 44.4 9,269 44.1 7,437 41.8 996 46.7 5,452 48.4
4+ 11,244 21.5 3,713 17.7 4,096 23.0 394 18.5 3,041 27.0
Unknown 42 0.1 16 0.1 13 0.1 0 0 13 0.1
PLURALITY 50,683 97.1 20,441 97.3 17,102 96.2 2,088 98.0 11,052 98.1
Singleton
Twin 1,433 2.7 542 2.6 643 3.6 43 2.0 205 1.8
Other Multiples 60 0.1 21 0.1 33 0.2 0 0 6 0.1
Missing Information 2 0.0 2 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 37,227 71.3 14,717 70.1 12,233 68.8 1,619 76.0 8,658 76.9
Vaginal
C-Section 14,947 28.6 6,286 29.9 5,544 31.2 512 24.0 2,605 23.1
Unknown 4 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 33,477 64.2 14,596 69.5 11,291 63.5 1,315 61.7 6,275 55.7
First
Second 15,315 29.4 5,354 25.5 5,190 29.2 654 30.7 4,117 36.6
Third 2,451 4.7 758 3.6 958 5.4 116 5.4 619 5.5
No care 442 0.8 89 0.4 188 1.1 20 0.9 145 1.3
Unknown 493 0.9 209 1.0 151 0.8 26 1.2 107 1.0
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 687 1.3 280 1.3 211 1.2 31 1.5 165 1.5
Missing
Inadequate 10,260 19.7 3,180 15.1 3,860 21.7 474 22.2 2,746 24.4
Intermediate 3,771 7.2 1,264 6.0 1,220 6.9 195 9.2 1,092 9.7
Adequate 15,631 30.0 6,642 31.6 4,900 27.6 664 31.2 3,425 30.4
Adequate Plus 21,829 41.8 9,640 45.9 7,587 42.7 767 36.0 3,835 34.0
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,311 15.9 5,832 27.8 1,994 11.2 305 14.3 180 1.6
Yes
No 43,845 84.0 15,160 72.2 15,776 88.7 1,826 85.7 11,083 98.4
Unknown 22 0.0 14 0.1 8 0.0 0 0 0 0
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS 39,043 74.8 17,913 85.3 16,228 91.3 1,783 83.7 3,119 27.7
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 7,374 14.1 32 0.2 58 0.3 103 4.8 7,181 63.8
Non-Medicaid 5,761 11.0 3,061 14.6 1,492 8.4 245 11.5 963 8.6


2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
VERY LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS 500-1499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE"
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants 500-1499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 621 79.1 179 71.6 344 82.5 19 82.6 79 83.2
Level III
Other 164 20.9 71 28.4 73 17.5 4 17.4 16 16.8


2011 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS <2499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants <2499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 2,789 55.4 801 46.5 1,457 59.9 111 55.2 420 61.7
Level III
Other 2,249 44.6 922 53.5 976 40.1 90 44.8 261 38.3

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services