RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2012 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 55,496 100.0 22,648 100.0 18,923 100.0 2,498 100.0 11,427 100.0
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 125 0.2 21 0.1 83 0.4 6 0.2 15 0.1
500 grams or less
501-1500 grams 723 1.3 234 1.0 387 2.0 20 0.8 82 0.7
1501-2500 grams 4,068 7.3 1,479 6.5 1,832 9.7 181 7.2 576 5.0
2501+ grams 50,556 91.1 20,902 92.3 16,614 87.8 2,290 91.7 10,750 94.1
Unknown 24 0.0 12 0.1 7 0.0 1 0.0 4 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 329 0.6 72 0.3 207 1.1 15 0.6 35 0.3
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 649 1.2 230 1.0 310 1.6 12 0.5 97 0.8
32-36 weeks 5,431 9.8 1,953 8.6 2,152 11.4 266 10.6 1,060 9.3
37+ weeks 49,045 88.4 20,379 90.0 16,231 85.8 2,203 88.2 10,232 89.5
Unknown 42 0.1 14 0.1 23 0.1 2 0.1 3 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,389 4.3 890 3.9 889 4.7 97 3.9 513 4.5
< 18 years
18-34 years 48,851 88.0 20,466 90.4 16,794 88.7 2,150 86.1 9,441 82.6
35+ years 4,255 7.7 1,292 5.7 1,240 6.6 250 10.0 1,473 12.9
Unknown 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0 0 0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 16,008 28.8 4,536 20.0 3,962 20.9 786 31.5 6,724 58.8
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 17,772 32.0 7,835 34.6 6,288 33.2 766 30.7 2,883 25.2
Some College 18,366 33.1 8,873 39.2 7,327 38.7 688 27.5 1,478 12.9
Bachelors Degree 2,757 5.0 1,224 5.4 1,080 5.7 189 7.6 264 2.3
Masters or PhD 516 0.9 167 0.7 251 1.3 59 2.4 39 0.3
Unknown 77 0.1 13 0.1 15 0.1 10 0.4 39 0.3
MARITAL STATUS: 20,219 36.4 10,638 47.0 3,511 18.6 1,166 46.7 4,904 42.9
Married
Unmarried 35,142 63.3 11,894 52.5 15,403 81.4 1,328 53.2 6,517 57.0
Unknown 135 0.2 116 0.5 9 0.0 4 0.2 6 0.1
PARITY: 18,737 33.8 8,598 38.0 6,490 34.3 855 34.2 2,794 24.5
1
2-3 24,579 44.3 10,009 44.2 8,064 42.6 1,144 45.8 5,362 46.9
4+ 12,142 21.9 4,027 17.8 4,355 23.0 497 19.9 3,263 28.6
Unknown 38 0.1 14 0.1 14 0.1 2 0.1 8 0.1
PLURALITY 54,652 98.5 22,276 98.4 18,615 98.4 2,462 98.6 11,299 98.9
Singleton
Twin 831 1.5 366 1.6 303 1.6 36 1.4 126 1.1
Other Multiples 13 0.0 6 0.0 5 0.0 0 0 2 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 39,788 71.7 16,065 70.9 13,081 69.1 1,862 74.5 8,780 76.8
Vaginal
C-Section 15,695 28.3 6,575 29.0 5,839 30.9 635 25.4 2,646 23.2
Unknown 13 0.0 8 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 36,315 65.4 16,007 70.7 12,114 64.0 1,558 62.4 6,636 58.1
First
Second 15,199 27.4 5,357 23.7 5,303 28.0 765 30.6 3,774 33.0
Third 2,476 4.5 784 3.5 966 5.1 100 4.0 626 5.5
No care 682 1.2 190 0.8 262 1.4 31 1.2 199 1.7
Unknown 824 1.5 310 1.4 278 1.5 44 1.8 192 1.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,111 2.0 399 1.8 371 2.0 52 2.1 289 2.5
Missing
Inadequate 10,590 19.1 3,415 15.1 3,950 20.9 527 21.1 2,698 23.6
Intermediate 4,431 8.0 1,490 6.6 1,458 7.7 233 9.3 1,250 10.9
Adequate 17,124 30.9 7,340 32.4 5,515 29.1 796 31.9 3,473 30.4
Adequate Plus 22,240 40.1 10,004 44.2 7,629 40.3 890 35.6 3,717 32.5
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,685 15.6 6,001 26.5 2,127 11.2 351 14.1 206 1.8
Yes
No 46,786 84.3 16,630 73.4 16,789 88.7 2,146 85.9 11,221 98.2
Unknown 25 0.0 17 0.1 7 0.0 1 0.0 0 0
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS 42,336 76.3 19,323 85.3 17,167 90.7 2,133 85.4 3,713 32.5
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 6,897 12.4 32 0.1 65 0.3 99 4.0 6,701 58.6
Non-Medicaid 6,263 11.3 3,293 14.5 1,691 8.9 266 10.6 1,013 8.9


2012 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
VERY LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS 500-1499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE"
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants 500-1499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 565 78.7 182 78.8 304 79.0 12 60.0 67 81.7
Level III
Other 153 21.3 49 21.2 81 21.0 8 40.0 15 18.3


2012 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS BORN IN NC HOSPITALS
LOW BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS <2499 GRAMS BY LEVEL OF PERINATAL HOSPITAL CARE:
TO MOTHERS RECEIVING WIC DURING PREGNANCY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
Infants <2499 grams born in NC Hospitals only - Level of Care***: 2,802 57.3 852 49.7 1,416 61.7 97 47.1 437 64.9
Level III
Other 2,085 42.7 861 50.3 879 38.3 109 52.9 236 35.1

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
*** Level of Care is only for North Carolina resident births occurring in North Carolina Hospitals.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services