RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
OVERALL, ALL MOTHERS

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,983 100.0 66,181 55.6 28,865 24.3 1,630 1.4 4,802 4.0 17,505 14.7
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 285 0.2 87 0.1 149 0.5 3 0.2 7 0.1 39 0.2
Less than 500 grams
500-1499 grams 1,764 1.5 726 1.1 769 2.7 35 2.1 53 1.1 181 1.0
1500-2499 grams 8,419 7.1 4,011 6.1 2,934 10.2 151 9.3 353 7.4 970 5.5
2500+ grams 108,288 91.0 61,173 92.4 24,997 86.6 1,438 88.2 4,372 91.0 16,308 93.2
Unknown 227 0.2 184 0.3 16 0.1 3 0.2 17 0.4 7 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 806 0.7 293 0.4 395 1.4 17 1.0 17 0.4 84 0.5
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 1,510 1.3 657 1.0 597 2.1 29 1.8 61 1.3 166 0.9
32-36 weeks 11,257 9.5 5,531 8.4 3,524 12.2 188 11.5 407 8.5 1,607 9.2
37+ weeks 105,273 88.5 59,633 90.1 24,309 84.2 1,394 85.5 4,307 89.7 15,630 89.3
Unknown 137 0.1 67 0.1 40 0.1 2 0.1 10 0.2 18 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,550 2.1 888 1.3 969 3.4 67 4.1 25 0.5 601 3.4
< 18 years
18-34 years 100,007 84.1 55,631 84.1 24,926 86.4 1,432 87.9 3,800 79.1 14,218 81.2
35+ years 16,421 13.8 9,660 14.6 2,969 10.3 131 8.0 976 20.3 2,685 15.3
Unknown 5 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 20,282 17.0 5,718 8.6 4,797 16.6 380 23.3 618 12.9 8,769 50.1
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 26,614 22.4 12,634 19.1 8,461 29.3 548 33.6 709 14.8 4,262 24.3
Some College 37,638 31.6 22,468 33.9 10,856 37.6 521 32.0 825 17.2 2,968 17.0
Bachelors Degree 22,296 18.7 16,580 25.1 3,216 11.1 121 7.4 1,332 27.7 1,047 6.0
Masters or PhD 11,645 9.8 8,464 12.8 1,448 5.0 56 3.4 1,283 26.7 394 2.3
Unknown 508 0.4 317 0.5 87 0.3 4 0.2 35 0.7 65 0.4
MARITAL STATUS: 69,676 58.6 48,464 73.2 8,092 28.0 591 36.3 4,072 84.8 8,457 48.3
Married
Unmarried 49,250 41.4 17,687 26.7 20,762 71.9 1,038 63.7 721 15.0 9,042 51.7
Unknown 57 0.0 30 0.0 11 0.0 1 0.1 9 0.2 6 0.0
PARITY: 40,173 33.8 24,505 37.0 8,967 31.1 487 29.9 1,801 37.5 4,413 25.2
1
2-3 55,177 46.4 31,143 47.1 12,600 43.7 767 47.1 2,344 48.8 8,323 47.5
4+ 23,364 19.6 10,329 15.6 7,271 25.2 373 22.9 637 13.3 4,754 27.2
Unknown 269 0.2 204 0.3 27 0.1 3 0.2 20 0.4 15 0.1
PLURALITY: 114,838 96.5 63,780 96.4 27,695 95.9 1,577 96.7 4,668 97.2 17,118 97.8
Singleton
Twin 4,026 3.4 2,331 3.5 1,134 3.9 53 3.3 125 2.6 383 2.2
Other Multiples 118 0.1 70 0.1 36 0.1 0 0 9 0.2 3 0.0
Missing Information 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 82,829 69.6 45,557 68.8 19,550 67.7 1,130 69.3 3,341 69.6 13,251 75.7
Vaginal
C-Section 36,110 30.3 20,596 31.1 9,308 32.2 499 30.6 1,456 30.3 4,251 24.3
Unknown 44 0.0 28 0.0 7 0.0 1 0.1 5 0.1 3 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 83,663 70.3 51,038 77.1 18,020 62.4 1,070 65.6 3,265 68.0 10,270 58.7
First
Second 25,435 21.4 10,985 16.6 7,635 26.5 408 25.0 1,087 22.6 5,320 30.4
Third 5,356 4.5 2,044 3.1 1,860 6.4 87 5.3 272 5.7 1,093 6.2
No care 2,516 2.1 983 1.5 863 3.0 44 2.7 94 2.0 532 3.0
Unknown 2,013 1.7 1,131 1.7 487 1.7 21 1.3 84 1.7 290 1.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 2,628 2.2 1,431 2.2 643 2.2 27 1.7 110 2.3 417 2.4
Missing
Inadequate 20,234 17.0 7,852 11.9 6,790 23.5 347 21.3 922 19.2 4,323 24.7
Intermediate 9,334 7.8 4,853 7.3 2,102 7.3 145 8.9 402 8.4 1,832 10.5
Adequate 37,002 31.1 21,902 33.1 7,785 27.0 589 36.1 1,503 31.3 5,223 29.8
Adequate Plus 49,785 41.8 30,143 45.5 11,545 40.0 522 32.0 1,865 38.8 5,710 32.6
MOTHER SMOKED? 12,242 10.3 8,599 13.0 2,842 9.8 414 25.4 88 1.8 299 1.7
Yes
No 106,163 89.2 57,157 86.4 25,921 89.8 1,212 74.4 4,691 97.7 17,182 98.2
Unknown 578 0.5 425 0.6 102 0.4 4 0.2 23 0.5 24 0.1
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,677 3.9 2,796 4.2 1,008 3.5 78 4.8 341 7.1 454 2.6
Underweight (<18.5)
Normal (18.5-24.9) 52,360 44.0 32,446 49.0 9,491 32.9 596 36.6 2,966 61.8 6,861 39.2
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,179 24.5 15,198 23.0 7,286 25.2 428 26.3 929 19.3 5,338 30.5
Obese (30.0+) 29,818 25.1 14,326 21.6 10,403 36.0 504 30.9 435 9.1 4,150 23.7
Unknown 2,949 2.5 1,415 2.1 677 2.3 24 1.5 131 2.7 702 4.0
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 91,761 77.1 53,436 80.7 18,111 62.7 869 53.3 4,169 86.8 15,176 86.7
Yes
No 26,210 22.0 12,023 18.2 10,556 36.6 742 45.5 605 12.6 2,284 13.0
Unknown 1,012 0.9 722 1.1 198 0.7 19 1.2 28 0.6 45 0.3
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 56,842 47.8 22,819 34.5 19,240 66.7 1,053 64.6 1,392 29.0 12,338 70.5
Prenatal WIC
No Prenatal WIC 62,141 52.2 43,362 65.5 9,625 33.3 577 35.4 3,410 71.0 5,167 29.5
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,353 48.2 27,143 41.0 22,346 77.4 1,297 79.6 1,541 32.1 5,026 28.7
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 8,662 7.3 72 0.1 96 0.3 0 0 118 2.5 8,376 47.8
Non-Medicaid 52,968 44.5 38,966 58.9 6,423 22.3 333 20.4 3,143 65.5 4,103 23.4

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services