RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL MEDICAID STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # %
TOTAL 118,983 100.0 57,353 48.2 8,662 7.3 52,968 44.5
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RACE/ETHNICITY: 66,181 55.6 27,143 47.3 72 0.8 38,966 73.6
White, Non-Hispanic
Black, Non-Hispanic 28,865 24.3 22,346 39.0 96 1.1 6,423 12.1
Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,630 1.4 1,297 2.3 0 0 333 0.6
Other, Non-Hispanic 4,802 4.0 1,541 2.7 118 1.4 3,143 5.9
Hispanic 17,505 14.7 5,026 8.8 8,376 96.7 4,103 7.7
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 285 0.2 135 0.2 11 0.1 139 0.3
Less than 500 grams
500-1499 grams 1,764 1.5 1,048 1.8 79 0.9 637 1.2
1500-2499 grams 8,419 7.1 4,935 8.6 462 5.3 3,022 5.7
2500+ grams 108,288 91.0 51,110 89.1 8,109 93.6 49,069 92.6
Unknown 227 0.2 125 0.2 1 0.0 101 0.2
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 806 0.7 451 0.8 27 0.3 328 0.6
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 1,510 1.3 877 1.5 82 0.9 551 1.0
32-36 weeks 11,257 9.5 6,278 10.9 748 8.6 4,231 8.0
37+ weeks 105,273 88.5 49,687 86.6 7,796 90.0 47,790 90.2
Unknown 137 0.1 60 0.1 9 0.1 68 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,550 2.1 2,180 3.8 219 2.5 151 0.3
< 18 years
18-34 years 100,007 84.1 51,031 89.0 6,896 79.6 42,080 79.4
35+ years 16,421 13.8 4,141 7.2 1,546 17.8 10,734 20.3
Unknown 5 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 20,282 17.0 12,399 21.6 6,071 70.1 1,812 3.4
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 26,614 22.4 19,244 33.6 1,922 22.2 5,448 10.3
Some College 37,638 31.6 21,435 37.4 418 4.8 15,785 29.8
Bachelors Degree 22,296 18.7 3,533 6.2 170 2.0 18,593 35.1
Masters or PhD 11,645 9.8 635 1.1 39 0.5 10,971 20.7
Unknown 508 0.4 107 0.2 42 0.5 359 0.7
MARITAL STATUS: 69,676 58.6 18,943 33.0 3,447 39.8 47,286 89.3
Married
Unmarried 49,250 41.4 38,384 66.9 5,214 60.2 5,652 10.7
Unknown 57 0.0 26 0.0 1 0.0 30 0.1
PARITY: 40,173 33.8 19,155 33.4 1,505 17.4 19,513 36.8
1
2-3 55,177 46.4 25,350 44.2 4,237 48.9 25,590 48.3
4+ 23,364 19.6 12,711 22.2 2,916 33.7 7,737 14.6
Unknown 269 0.2 137 0.2 4 0.0 128 0.2
PLURALITY: 114,838 96.5 55,541 96.8 8,476 97.9 50,821 95.9
Singleton
Twin 4,026 3.4 1,779 3.1 186 2.1 2,061 3.9
Other Multiples 118 0.1 32 0.1 0 0 86 0.2
Missing Information 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 82,829 69.6 40,110 69.9 6,670 77.0 36,049 68.1
Vaginal
C-Section 36,110 30.3 17,235 30.1 1,992 23.0 16,883 31.9
Unknown 44 0.0 8 0.0 0 0 36 0.1
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 83,663 70.3 36,085 62.9 4,424 51.1 43,154 81.5
First
Second 25,435 21.4 15,785 27.5 3,146 36.3 6,504 12.3
Third 5,356 4.5 3,309 5.8 642 7.4 1,405 2.7
No care 2,516 2.1 1,216 2.1 298 3.4 1,002 1.9
Unknown 2,013 1.7 958 1.7 152 1.8 903 1.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 2,628 2.2 1,277 2.2 227 2.6 1,124 2.1
Missing
Inadequate 20,234 17.0 12,620 22.0 2,553 29.5 5,061 9.6
Intermediate 9,334 7.8 4,119 7.2 996 11.5 4,219 8.0
Adequate 37,002 31.1 16,579 28.9 2,417 27.9 18,006 34.0
Adequate Plus 49,785 41.8 22,758 39.7 2,469 28.5 24,558 46.4
MOTHER SMOKED? 12,242 10.3 10,664 18.6 24 0.3 1,554 2.9
Yes
No 106,163 89.2 46,562 81.2 8,635 99.7 50,966 96.2
Unknown 578 0.5 127 0.2 3 0.0 448 0.8
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,677 3.9 2,880 5.0 188 2.2 1,609 3.0
Underweight (<18.5)
Normal (18.5-24.9) 52,360 44.0 22,083 38.5 3,125 36.1 27,152 51.3
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,179 24.5 13,680 23.9 2,876 33.2 12,623 23.8
Obese (30.0+) 29,818 25.1 17,615 30.7 1,975 22.8 10,228 19.3
Unknown 2,949 2.5 1,095 1.9 498 5.7 1,356 2.6
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 91,761 77.1 37,353 65.1 7,590 87.6 46,818 88.4
Yes
No 26,210 22.0 19,758 34.4 1,067 12.3 5,385 10.2
Unknown 1,012 0.9 242 0.4 5 0.1 765 1.4
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 56,842 47.8 43,548 75.9 6,956 80.3 6,338 12.0
Prenatal WIC
No Prenatal WIC 62,141 52.2 13,805 24.1 1,706 19.7 46,630 88.0


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES (PRENATAL AND EMERGENCY) BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 66,015 100.0 27,215 41.2 22,442 34.0 1,297 2.0 1,659 2.5 13,402 20.3
RESIDENT BIRTHS
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,353 86.9 27,143 99.7 22,346 99.6 1,297 100.0 1,541 92.9 5,026 37.5
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 8,662 13.1 72 0.3 96 0.4 0 0 118 7.1 8,376 62.5
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 146 0.2 24 0.1 97 0.4 3 0.2 3 0.2 19 0.1
Less than 500 grams
500-1499 grams 1,127 1.7 363 1.3 575 2.6 28 2.2 22 1.3 139 1.0
1500-2499 grams 5,397 8.2 1,995 7.3 2,400 10.7 129 9.9 120 7.2 753 5.6
2500+ grams 59,219 89.7 24,731 90.9 19,363 86.3 1,135 87.5 1,503 90.6 12,487 93.2
Unknown 126 0.2 102 0.4 7 0.0 2 0.2 11 0.7 4 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 478 0.7 127 0.5 278 1.2 14 1.1 9 0.5 50 0.4
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 959 1.5 320 1.2 461 2.1 26 2.0 21 1.3 131 1.0
32-36 weeks 7,026 10.6 2,632 9.7 2,858 12.7 162 12.5 160 9.6 1,214 9.1
37+ weeks 57,483 87.1 24,108 88.6 18,824 83.9 1,095 84.4 1,465 88.3 11,991 89.5
Unknown 69 0.1 28 0.1 21 0.1 0 0 4 0.2 16 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,399 3.6 833 3.1 919 4.1 63 4.9 24 1.4 560 4.2
< 18 years
18-34 years 57,927 87.7 24,418 89.7 19,999 89.1 1,169 90.1 1,411 85.1 10,930 81.6
35+ years 5,687 8.6 1,964 7.2 1,523 6.8 65 5.0 224 13.5 1,911 14.3
Unknown 2 0.0 0 0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 18,470 28.0 5,283 19.4 4,553 20.3 355 27.4 525 31.6 7,754 57.9
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 21,166 32.1 9,059 33.3 7,632 34.0 501 38.6 521 31.4 3,453 25.8
Some College 21,853 33.1 10,727 39.4 8,575 38.2 382 29.5 390 23.5 1,779 13.3
Bachelors Degree 3,703 5.6 1,788 6.6 1,395 6.2 49 3.8 157 9.5 314 2.3
Masters or PhD 674 1.0 311 1.1 244 1.1 10 0.8 53 3.2 56 0.4
Unknown 149 0.2 47 0.2 43 0.2 0 0 13 0.8 46 0.3
MARITAL STATUS: 22,390 33.9 11,935 43.9 3,768 16.8 329 25.4 1,028 62.0 5,330 39.8
Married
Unmarried 43,598 66.0 15,265 56.1 18,666 83.2 968 74.6 629 37.9 8,070 60.2
Unknown 27 0.0 15 0.1 8 0.0 0 0 2 0.1 2 0.0
PARITY: 20,660 31.3 9,595 35.3 6,965 31.0 382 29.5 539 32.5 3,179 23.7
1
2-3 29,587 44.8 12,226 44.9 9,629 42.9 615 47.4 781 47.1 6,336 47.3
4+ 15,627 23.7 5,287 19.4 5,834 26.0 299 23.1 328 19.8 3,879 28.9
Unknown 141 0.2 107 0.4 14 0.1 1 0.1 11 0.7 8 0.1
PLURALITY: 64,017 97.0 26,470 97.3 21,550 96.0 1,248 96.2 1,627 98.1 13,122 97.9
Singleton
Twin 1,965 3.0 731 2.7 877 3.9 49 3.8 29 1.7 279 2.1
Other Multiples 32 0.0 14 0.1 15 0.1 0 0 3 0.2 0 0
Missing Information 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 46,780 70.9 18,903 69.5 15,468 68.9 906 69.9 1,261 76.0 10,242 76.4
Vaginal
C-Section 19,227 29.1 8,304 30.5 6,974 31.1 391 30.1 398 24.0 3,160 23.6
Unknown 8 0.0 8 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 40,509 61.4 18,260 67.1 13,227 58.9 826 63.7 880 53.0 7,316 54.6
First
Second 18,931 28.7 6,847 25.2 6,634 29.6 349 26.9 572 34.5 4,529 33.8
Third 3,951 6.0 1,255 4.6 1,576 7.0 71 5.5 120 7.2 929 6.9
No care 1,514 2.3 387 1.4 659 2.9 32 2.5 44 2.7 392 2.9
Unknown 1,110 1.7 466 1.7 346 1.5 19 1.5 43 2.6 236 1.8
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,504 2.3 606 2.2 477 2.1 23 1.8 58 3.5 340 2.5
Missing
Inadequate 15,173 23.0 4,883 17.9 5,856 26.1 290 22.4 484 29.2 3,660 27.3
Intermediate 5,115 7.7 1,769 6.5 1,667 7.4 123 9.5 114 6.9 1,442 10.8
Adequate 18,996 28.8 8,294 30.5 5,937 26.5 483 37.2 441 26.6 3,841 28.7
Adequate Plus 25,227 38.2 11,663 42.9 8,505 37.9 378 29.1 562 33.9 4,119 30.7
MOTHER SMOKED? 10,688 16.2 7,324 26.9 2,672 11.9 378 29.1 60 3.6 254 1.9
Yes
No 55,197 83.6 19,811 72.8 19,734 87.9 919 70.9 1,591 95.9 13,142 98.1
Unknown 130 0.2 80 0.3 36 0.2 0 0 8 0.5 6 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 3,068 4.6 1,659 6.1 865 3.9 67 5.2 127 7.7 350 2.6
Underweight (<18.5)
Normal (18.5-24.9) 25,208 38.2 11,370 41.8 7,463 33.3 483 37.2 937 56.5 4,955 37.0
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 16,556 25.1 6,229 22.9 5,466 24.4 330 25.4 337 20.3 4,194 31.3
Obese (30.0+) 19,590 29.7 7,507 27.6 8,173 36.4 405 31.2 187 11.3 3,318 24.8
Unknown 1,593 2.4 450 1.7 475 2.1 12 0.9 71 4.3 585 4.4
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 44,943 68.1 18,726 68.8 12,849 57.3 611 47.1 1,272 76.7 11,485 85.7
Yes
No 20,825 31.5 8,353 30.7 9,511 42.4 675 52.0 382 23.0 1,904 14.2
Unknown 247 0.4 136 0.5 82 0.4 11 0.8 5 0.3 13 0.1
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 50,504 76.5 19,826 72.8 17,713 78.9 990 76.3 1,184 71.4 10,791 80.5
Prenatal WIC
No Prenatal WIC 15,511 23.5 7,389 27.2 4,729 21.1 307 23.7 475 28.6 2,611 19.5

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL 118,983 57,353 48.2 8,662 7.3 52,968 44.5
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,784 980 54.9 200 11.2 604 33.9
Alamance
Alexander 358 232 64.8 14 3.9 112 31.3
Alleghany 94 59 62.8 7 7.4 28 29.8
Anson 262 209 79.8 5 1.9 48 18.3
Ashe 245 166 67.8 9 3.7 70 28.6
Avery 152 91 59.9 8 5.3 53 34.9
Beaufort 488 301 61.7 53 10.9 134 27.5
Bertie 186 150 80.6 3 1.6 33 17.7
Bladen 363 254 70.0 21 5.8 88 24.2
Brunswick 1,005 552 54.9 40 4.0 413 41.1
Buncombe 2,665 1,402 52.6 171 6.4 1,092 41.0
Burke 819 549 67.0 59 7.2 211 25.8
Cabarrus 2,312 986 42.6 215 9.3 1,111 48.1
Caldwell 795 568 71.4 27 3.4 200 25.2
Camden 95 39 41.1 0 0 56 58.9
Carteret 659 319 48.4 27 4.1 313 47.5
Caswell 216 136 63.0 12 5.6 68 31.5
Catawba 1,672 1,006 60.2 133 8.0 533 31.9
Chatham 609 219 36.0 108 17.7 282 46.3
Cherokee 213 157 73.7 3 1.4 53 24.9
Chowan 167 108 64.7 10 6.0 49 29.3
Clay 88 64 72.7 2 2.3 22 25.0
Cleveland 1,052 769 73.1 21 2.0 262 24.9
Columbus 652 491 75.3 30 4.6 131 20.1
Craven 1,504 610 40.6 30 2.0 864 57.4
Cumberland 5,691 2,235 39.3 69 1.2 3,387 59.5
Currituck 256 101 39.5 2 0.8 153 59.8
Dare 339 150 44.2 42 12.4 147 43.4
Davidson 1,725 1,045 60.6 114 6.6 566 32.8
Davie 367 174 47.4 28 7.6 165 45.0
Duplin 747 415 55.6 152 20.3 180 24.1
Durham 4,192 1,575 37.6 573 13.7 2,044 48.8
Edgecombe 632 510 80.7 29 4.6 93 14.7
Forsyth 4,522 2,104 46.5 583 12.9 1,835 40.6
Franklin 674 372 55.2 47 7.0 255 37.8
Gaston 2,450 1,448 59.1 115 4.7 887 36.2
Gates 90 35 38.9 0 0 55 61.1
Graham 90 66 73.3 2 2.2 22 24.4
Granville 526 284 54.0 36 6.8 206 39.2
Greene 205 118 57.6 30 14.6 57 27.8
Guilford 6,169 3,187 51.7 473 7.7 2,509 40.7
Halifax 558 448 80.3 11 2.0 99 17.7
Harnett 1,856 711 38.3 93 5.0 1,052 56.7
Haywood 545 358 65.7 14 2.6 173 31.7
Henderson 1,044 554 53.1 100 9.6 390 37.4
Hertford 241 174 72.2 8 3.3 59 24.5
Hoke 899 291 32.4 47 5.2 561 62.4
Hyde 58 35 60.3 3 5.2 20 34.5
Iredell 1,752 898 51.3 81 4.6 773 44.1
Jackson 363 255 70.2 18 5.0 90 24.8
Johnston 2,165 994 45.9 254 11.7 917 42.4
Jones 96 57 59.4 1 1.0 38 39.6
Lee 777 396 51.0 94 12.1 287 36.9
Lenoir 659 482 73.1 47 7.1 130 19.7
Lincoln 753 405 53.8 24 3.2 324 43.0
McDowell 461 325 70.5 27 5.9 109 23.6
Macon 339 213 62.8 30 8.8 96 28.3
Madison 187 131 70.1 1 0.5 55 29.4
Martin 249 183 73.5 8 3.2 58 23.3
Mecklenburg 13,820 5,263 38.1 1,271 9.2 7,286 52.7
Mitchell 142 88 62.0 6 4.2 48 33.8
Montgomery 299 198 66.2 50 16.7 51 17.1
Moore 982 439 44.7 49 5.0 494 50.3
Nash 1,113 718 64.5 71 6.4 324 29.1
New Hanover 2,241 1,013 45.2 133 5.9 1,095 48.9
Northampton 175 145 82.9 4 2.3 26 14.9
Onslow 4,328 950 22.0 21 0.5 3,357 77.6
Orange 1,192 356 29.9 99 8.3 737 61.8
Pamlico 79 53 67.1 3 3.8 23 29.1
Pasquotank 483 260 53.8 14 2.9 209 43.3
Pender 577 280 48.5 37 6.4 260 45.1
Perquimans 142 89 62.7 4 2.8 49 34.5
Person 430 270 62.8 12 2.8 148 34.4
Pitt 2,111 1,105 52.3 86 4.1 920 43.6
Polk 151 98 64.9 7 4.6 46 30.5
Randolph 1,589 976 61.4 162 10.2 451 28.4
Richmond 536 412 76.9 47 8.8 77 14.4
Robeson 1,934 1,417 73.3 181 9.4 336 17.4
Rockingham 953 628 65.9 41 4.3 284 29.8
Rowan 1,519 923 60.8 105 6.9 491 32.3
Rutherford 663 509 76.8 18 2.7 136 20.5
Sampson 854 525 61.5 157 18.4 172 20.1
Scotland 448 374 83.5 3 0.7 71 15.8
Stanly 638 396 62.1 14 2.2 228 35.7
Stokes 375 240 64.0 4 1.1 131 34.9
Surry 723 456 63.1 64 8.9 203 28.1
Swain 206 165 80.1 2 1.0 39 18.9
Transylvania 285 189 66.3 11 3.9 85 29.8
Tyrrell 45 25 55.6 5 11.1 15 33.3
Union 2,289 871 38.1 199 8.7 1,219 53.3
Vance 579 427 73.7 58 10.0 94 16.2
Wake 12,439 3,646 29.3 1,016 8.2 7,777 62.5
Warren 186 151 81.2 0 0 35 18.8
Washington 142 116 81.7 10 7.0 16 11.3
Watauga 339 148 43.7 10 2.9 181 53.4
Wayne 1,704 922 54.1 165 9.7 617 36.2
Wilkes 645 444 68.8 25 3.9 176 27.3
Wilson 938 592 63.1 84 9.0 262 27.9
Yadkin 399 219 54.9 37 9.3 143 35.8
Yancey 158 111 70.3 13 8.2 34 21.5

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services