RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL PRENATAL WIC STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL 118,983 100.0 56,842 47.8 62,141 52.2
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RACE/ETHNICITY: 66,181 55.6 22,819 40.1 43,362 69.8
White, Non-Hispanic
Black, Non-Hispanic 28,865 24.3 19,240 33.8 9,625 15.5
Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,630 1.4 1,053 1.9 577 0.9
Other, Non-Hispanic 4,802 4.0 1,392 2.4 3,410 5.5
Hispanic 17,505 14.7 12,338 21.7 5,167 8.3
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 285 0.2 32 0.1 253 0.4
Less than 500 grams
500-1499 grams 1,764 1.5 788 1.4 976 1.6
1500-2499 grams 8,419 7.1 4,366 7.7 4,053 6.5
2500+ grams 108,288 91.0 51,521 90.6 56,767 91.4
Unknown 227 0.2 135 0.2 92 0.1
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 806 0.7 246 0.4 560 0.9
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 1,510 1.3 695 1.2 815 1.3
32-36 weeks 11,257 9.5 5,754 10.1 5,503 8.9
37+ weeks 105,273 88.5 50,112 88.2 55,161 88.8
Unknown 137 0.1 35 0.1 102 0.2
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,550 2.1 2,112 3.7 438 0.7
< 18 years
18-34 years 100,007 84.1 49,943 87.9 50,064 80.6
35+ years 16,421 13.8 4,784 8.4 11,637 18.7
Unknown 5 0.0 3 0.0 2 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 20,282 17.0 15,641 27.5 4,641 7.5
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 26,614 22.4 18,288 32.2 8,326 13.4
Some College 37,638 31.6 19,230 33.8 18,408 29.6
Bachelors Degree 22,296 18.7 3,003 5.3 19,293 31.0
Masters or PhD 11,645 9.8 520 0.9 11,125 17.9
Unknown 508 0.4 160 0.3 348 0.6
MARITAL STATUS: 69,676 58.6 20,693 36.4 48,983 78.8
Married
Unmarried 49,250 41.4 36,124 63.6 13,126 21.1
Unknown 57 0.0 25 0.0 32 0.1
PARITY: 40,173 33.8 18,839 33.1 21,334 34.3
1
2-3 55,177 46.4 25,169 44.3 30,008 48.3
4+ 23,364 19.6 12,676 22.3 10,688 17.2
Unknown 269 0.2 158 0.3 111 0.2
PLURALITY: 114,838 96.5 55,148 97.0 59,690 96.1
Singleton
Twin 4,026 3.4 1,658 2.9 2,368 3.8
Other Multiples 118 0.1 35 0.1 83 0.1
Missing Information 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 82,829 69.6 40,327 70.9 42,502 68.4
Vaginal
C-Section 36,110 30.3 16,496 29.0 19,614 31.6
Unknown 44 0.0 19 0.0 25 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 83,663 70.3 36,504 64.2 47,159 75.9
First
Second 25,435 21.4 15,697 27.6 9,738 15.7
Third 5,356 4.5 2,811 4.9 2,545 4.1
No care 2,516 2.1 897 1.6 1,619 2.6
Unknown 2,013 1.7 933 1.6 1,080 1.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 2,628 2.2 1,287 2.3 1,341 2.2
Missing
Inadequate 20,234 17.0 11,494 20.2 8,740 14.1
Intermediate 9,334 7.8 4,547 8.0 4,787 7.7
Adequate 37,002 31.1 16,978 29.9 20,024 32.2
Adequate Plus 49,785 41.8 22,536 39.6 27,249 43.9
MOTHER SMOKED? 12,242 10.3 8,523 15.0 3,719 6.0
Yes
No 106,163 89.2 48,160 84.7 58,003 93.3
Unknown 578 0.5 159 0.3 419 0.7
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,677 3.9 2,576 4.5 2,101 3.4
Underweight (<18.5)
Normal (18.5-24.9) 52,360 44.0 21,328 37.5 31,032 49.9
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,179 24.5 14,257 25.1 14,922 24.0
Obese (30.0+) 29,818 25.1 17,411 30.6 12,407 20.0
Unknown 2,949 2.5 1,270 2.2 1,679 2.7
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 91,761 77.1 39,454 69.4 52,307 84.2
Yes
No 26,210 22.0 17,134 30.1 9,076 14.6
Unknown 1,012 0.9 254 0.4 758 1.2
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,353 48.2 43,548 76.6 13,805 22.2
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 8,662 7.3 6,956 12.2 1,706 2.7
Non-Medicaid 52,968 44.5 6,338 11.2 46,630 75.0


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
PRENATAL WIC MOTHER'S BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 56,842 100.0 22,819 40.1 19,240 33.8 1,053 1.9 1,392 2.4 12,338 21.7
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 32 0.1 5 0.0 20 0.1 0 0 0 0 7 0.1
Less than 500 grams
500-1499 grams 788 1.4 247 1.1 401 2.1 23 2.2 14 1.0 103 0.8
1500-2499 grams 4,366 7.7 1,586 7.0 1,946 10.1 102 9.7 91 6.5 641 5.2
2500+ grams 51,521 90.6 20,870 91.5 16,867 87.7 926 87.9 1,275 91.6 11,583 93.9
Unknown 135 0.2 111 0.5 6 0.0 2 0.2 12 0.9 4 0.0
WEEKS OF GESTATION: 246 0.4 71 0.3 137 0.7 8 0.8 2 0.1 28 0.2
< 27 weeks
27-31 weeks 695 1.2 233 1.0 326 1.7 19 1.8 14 1.0 103 0.8
32-36 weeks 5,754 10.1 2,090 9.2 2,315 12.0 120 11.4 122 8.8 1,107 9.0
37+ weeks 50,112 88.2 20,405 89.4 16,458 85.5 905 85.9 1,251 89.9 11,093 89.9
Unknown 35 0.1 20 0.1 4 0.0 1 0.1 3 0.2 7 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,112 3.7 728 3.2 807 4.2 56 5.3 18 1.3 503 4.1
< 18 years
18-34 years 49,943 87.9 20,676 90.6 17,031 88.5 945 89.7 1,207 86.7 10,084 81.7
35+ years 4,784 8.4 1,414 6.2 1,401 7.3 52 4.9 167 12.0 1,750 14.2
Unknown 3 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 15,641 27.5 4,329 19.0 3,610 18.8 278 26.4 425 30.5 6,999 56.7
Less than High School
High School Graduate or GED 18,288 32.2 7,881 34.5 6,409 33.3 412 39.1 416 29.9 3,170 25.7
Some College 19,230 33.8 9,135 40.0 7,683 39.9 316 30.0 342 24.6 1,754 14.2
Bachelors Degree 3,003 5.3 1,221 5.4 1,289 6.7 36 3.4 137 9.8 320 2.6
Masters or PhD 520 0.9 194 0.9 207 1.1 9 0.9 59 4.2 51 0.4
Unknown 160 0.3 59 0.3 42 0.2 2 0.2 13 0.9 44 0.4
MARITAL STATUS: 20,693 36.4 10,549 46.2 3,658 19.0 294 27.9 916 65.8 5,276 42.8
Married
Unmarried 36,124 63.6 12,256 53.7 15,577 81.0 758 72.0 473 34.0 7,060 57.2
Unknown 25 0.0 14 0.1 5 0.0 1 0.1 3 0.2 2 0.0
PARITY: 18,839 33.1 8,545 37.4 6,519 33.9 355 33.7 455 32.7 2,965 24.0
1
2-3 25,169 44.3 10,100 44.3 8,140 42.3 474 45.0 657 47.2 5,798 47.0
4+ 12,676 22.3 4,055 17.8 4,566 23.7 221 21.0 267 19.2 3,567 28.9
Unknown 158 0.3 119 0.5 15 0.1 3 0.3 13 0.9 8 0.1
PLURALITY: 55,148 97.0 22,191 97.2 18,517 96.2 1,009 95.8 1,358 97.6 12,073 97.9
Singleton
Twin 1,658 2.9 616 2.7 703 3.7 44 4.2 31 2.2 264 2.1
Other Multiples 35 0.1 12 0.1 20 0.1 0 0 3 0.2 0 0
Missing Information 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 40,327 70.9 15,846 69.4 13,200 68.6 737 70.0 1,070 76.9 9,474 76.8
Vaginal
C-Section 16,496 29.0 6,959 30.5 6,038 31.4 315 29.9 321 23.1 2,863 23.2
Unknown 19 0.0 14 0.1 2 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 36,504 64.2 15,958 69.9 12,059 62.7 701 66.6 775 55.7 7,011 56.8
First
Second 15,697 27.6 5,392 23.6 5,488 28.5 272 25.8 467 33.5 4,078 33.1
Third 2,811 4.9 870 3.8 1,067 5.5 52 4.9 85 6.1 737 6.0
No care 897 1.6 229 1.0 329 1.7 12 1.1 27 1.9 300 2.4
Unknown 933 1.6 370 1.6 297 1.5 16 1.5 38 2.7 212 1.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,287 2.3 499 2.2 406 2.1 19 1.8 51 3.7 312 2.5
Missing
Inadequate 11,494 20.2 3,566 15.6 4,246 22.1 200 19.0 369 26.5 3,113 25.2
Intermediate 4,547 8.0 1,581 6.9 1,439 7.5 96 9.1 101 7.3 1,330 10.8
Adequate 16,978 29.9 7,139 31.3 5,397 28.1 402 38.2 394 28.3 3,646 29.6
Adequate Plus 22,536 39.6 10,034 44.0 7,752 40.3 336 31.9 477 34.3 3,937 31.9
MOTHER SMOKED? 8,523 15.0 5,869 25.7 2,095 10.9 299 28.4 57 4.1 203 1.6
Yes
No 48,160 84.7 16,851 73.8 17,104 88.9 751 71.3 1,328 95.4 12,126 98.3
Unknown 159 0.3 99 0.4 41 0.2 3 0.3 7 0.5 9 0.1
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,576 4.5 1,369 6.0 726 3.8 58 5.5 107 7.7 316 2.6
Underweight (<18.5)
Normal (18.5-24.9) 21,328 37.5 9,278 40.7 6,373 33.1 371 35.2 757 54.4 4,549 36.9
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 14,257 25.1 5,196 22.8 4,615 24.0 269 25.5 304 21.8 3,873 31.4
Obese (30.0+) 17,411 30.6 6,608 29.0 7,174 37.3 347 33.0 168 12.1 3,114 25.2
Unknown 1,270 2.2 368 1.6 352 1.8 8 0.8 56 4.0 486 3.9
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 39,454 69.4 15,774 69.1 11,378 59.1 535 50.8 1,099 79.0 10,668 86.5
Yes
No 17,134 30.1 6,899 30.2 7,782 40.4 510 48.4 288 20.7 1,655 13.4
Unknown 254 0.4 146 0.6 80 0.4 8 0.8 5 0.4 15 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 43,548 76.6 19,789 86.7 17,653 91.8 990 94.0 1,113 80.0 4,003 32.4
Prenatal Medicaid*
Emergency Medicaid** 6,956 12.2 37 0.2 60 0.3 0 0 71 5.1 6,788 55.0
Non-Medicaid 6,338 11.2 2,993 13.1 1,527 7.9 63 6.0 208 14.9 1,547 12.5

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2013 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
PRENATAL WIC STATUS BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births
# % # %
TOTAL 118,983 56,842 47.8 62,141 52.2
RESIDENT BIRTHS
CORES 1,784 1,044 58.5 740 41.5
Alamance
Alexander 358 190 53.1 168 46.9
Alleghany 94 58 61.7 36 38.3
Anson 262 184 70.2 78 29.8
Ashe 245 137 55.9 108 44.1
Avery 152 86 56.6 66 43.4
Beaufort 488 326 66.8 162 33.2
Bertie 186 144 77.4 42 22.6
Bladen 363 240 66.1 123 33.9
Brunswick 1,005 502 50.0 503 50.0
Buncombe 2,665 1,297 48.7 1,368 51.3
Burke 819 517 63.1 302 36.9
Cabarrus 2,312 936 40.5 1,376 59.5
Caldwell 795 501 63.0 294 37.0
Camden 95 38 40.0 57 60.0
Carteret 659 331 50.2 328 49.8
Caswell 216 129 59.7 87 40.3
Catawba 1,672 874 52.3 798 47.7
Chatham 609 280 46.0 329 54.0
Cherokee 213 150 70.4 63 29.6
Chowan 167 110 65.9 57 34.1
Clay 88 69 78.4 19 21.6
Cleveland 1,052 685 65.1 367 34.9
Columbus 652 439 67.3 213 32.7
Craven 1,504 854 56.8 650 43.2
Cumberland 5,691 2,947 51.8 2,744 48.2
Currituck 256 99 38.7 157 61.3
Dare 339 166 49.0 173 51.0
Davidson 1,725 951 55.1 774 44.9
Davie 367 169 46.0 198 54.0
Duplin 747 475 63.6 272 36.4
Durham 4,192 1,698 40.5 2,494 59.5
Edgecombe 632 492 77.8 140 22.2
Forsyth 4,522 2,294 50.7 2,228 49.3
Franklin 674 309 45.8 365 54.2
Gaston 2,450 1,245 50.8 1,205 49.2
Gates 90 42 46.7 48 53.3
Graham 90 68 75.6 22 24.4
Granville 526 262 49.8 264 50.2
Greene 205 140 68.3 65 31.7
Guilford 6,169 2,896 46.9 3,273 53.1
Halifax 558 420 75.3 138 24.7
Harnett 1,856 798 43.0 1,058 57.0
Haywood 545 338 62.0 207 38.0
Henderson 1,044 458 43.9 586 56.1
Hertford 241 163 67.6 78 32.4
Hoke 899 369 41.0 530 59.0
Hyde 58 37 63.8 21 36.2
Iredell 1,752 763 43.6 989 56.4
Jackson 363 242 66.7 121 33.3
Johnston 2,165 938 43.3 1,227 56.7
Jones 96 59 61.5 37 38.5
Lee 777 454 58.4 323 41.6
Lenoir 659 461 70.0 198 30.0
Lincoln 753 369 49.0 384 51.0
McDowell 461 313 67.9 148 32.1
Macon 339 211 62.2 128 37.8
Madison 187 117 62.6 70 37.4
Martin 249 170 68.3 79 31.7
Mecklenburg 13,820 4,535 32.8 9,285 67.2
Mitchell 142 81 57.0 61 43.0
Montgomery 299 230 76.9 69 23.1
Moore 982 427 43.5 555 56.5
Nash 1,113 697 62.6 416 37.4
New Hanover 2,241 910 40.6 1,331 59.4
Northampton 175 133 76.0 42 24.0
Onslow 4,328 1,973 45.6 2,355 54.4
Orange 1,192 374 31.4 818 68.6
Pamlico 79 60 75.9 19 24.1
Pasquotank 483 278 57.6 205 42.4
Pender 577 255 44.2 322 55.8
Perquimans 142 87 61.3 55 38.7
Person 430 244 56.7 186 43.3
Pitt 2,111 953 45.1 1,158 54.9
Polk 151 88 58.3 63 41.7
Randolph 1,589 960 60.4 629 39.6
Richmond 536 406 75.7 130 24.3
Robeson 1,934 1,236 63.9 698 36.1
Rockingham 953 574 60.2 379 39.8
Rowan 1,519 783 51.5 736 48.5
Rutherford 663 462 69.7 201 30.3
Sampson 854 561 65.7 293 34.3
Scotland 448 338 75.4 110 24.6
Stanly 638 338 53.0 300 47.0
Stokes 375 195 52.0 180 48.0
Surry 723 431 59.6 292 40.4
Swain 206 141 68.4 65 31.6
Transylvania 285 152 53.3 133 46.7
Tyrrell 45 30 66.7 15 33.3
Union 2,289 768 33.6 1,521 66.4
Vance 579 387 66.8 192 33.2
Wake 12,439 3,940 31.7 8,499 68.3
Warren 186 134 72.0 52 28.0
Washington 142 115 81.0 27 19.0
Watauga 339 130 38.3 209 61.7
Wayne 1,704 1,051 61.7 653 38.3
Wilkes 645 398 61.7 247 38.3
Wilson 938 615 65.6 323 34.4
Yadkin 399 213 53.4 186 46.6
Yancey 158 105 66.5 53 33.5

Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services