RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2014 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL PRENATAL WIC STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL 120,948 100.0 51,848 42.9 69,100 57.1
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RACE/ETHNICITY: 67,387 55.7 20,912 40.3 46,475 67.3
...White, Non-Hispanic
...Black, Non-Hispanic 28,923 23.9 17,413 33.6 11,510 16.7
...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,594 1.3 980 1.9 614 0.9
...Other, Non-Hispanic 5,266 4.4 1,387 2.7 3,879 5.6
...Hispanic 17,778 14.7 11,156 21.5 6,622 9.6
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 277 0.2 30 0.1 247 0.4
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,759 1.5 733 1.4 1,026 1.5
...1500-2499 grams 8,714 7.2 4,167 8.0 4,547 6.6
...2500+ grams 110,151 91.1 46,906 90.5 63,245 91.5
...Unknown 47 0.0 12 0.0 35 0.1
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 855 0.7 234 0.5 621 0.9
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,395 1.2 589 1.1 806 1.2
...32-36 weeks 9,539 7.9 4,196 8.1 5,343 7.7
...37+ weeks 109,046 90.2 46,811 90.3 62,235 90.1
...Unknown 113 0.1 18 0.0 95 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,407 2.0 1,839 3.5 568 0.8
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 101,215 83.7 45,207 87.2 56,008 81.1
...35+ years 17,321 14.3 4,802 9.3 12,519 18.1
...Unknown 5 0.0 0 0 5 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 19,175 15.9 13,430 25.9 5,745 8.3
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 27,207 22.5 17,136 33.1 10,071 14.6
...Some College 38,962 32.2 17,977 34.7 20,985 30.4
...Bachelors Degree 22,865 18.9 2,663 5.1 20,202 29.2
...Masters or PhD 12,453 10.3 497 1.0 11,956 17.3
...Unknown 286 0.2 145 0.3 141 0.2
MARITAL STATUS: 71,374 59.0 19,102 36.8 52,272 75.6
...Married
...Unmarried 49,511 40.9 32,727 63.1 16,784 24.3
...Unknown 63 0.1 19 0.0 44 0.1
PARITY: 40,244 33.3 16,720 32.2 23,524 34.0
...1
...2-3 55,962 46.3 22,920 44.2 33,042 47.8
...4+ 24,597 20.3 12,148 23.4 12,449 18.0
...Unknown 145 0.1 60 0.1 85 0.1
PLURITY: 116,598 96.4 50,220 96.9 66,378 96.1
...Singleton
...Twin 4,233 3.5 1,601 3.1 2,632 3.8
...Other Multiples 116 0.1 27 0.1 89 0.1
...Missing Information 1 0.0 0 0 1 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 85,197 70.4 37,007 71.4 48,190 69.7
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,707 29.5 14,827 28.6 20,880 30.2
...Unknown 44 0.0 14 0.0 30 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 82,474 68.2 32,511 62.7 49,963 72.3
...First
...Second 28,357 23.4 15,239 29.4 13,118 19.0
...Third 6,509 5.4 2,903 5.6 3,606 5.2
...No care 2,234 1.8 646 1.2 1,588 2.3
...Unknown 1,374 1.1 549 1.1 825 1.2
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,890 1.6 792 1.5 1,098 1.6
...Missing
...Inadequate 23,096 19.1 11,329 21.9 11,767 17.0
...Intermediate 9,354 7.7 4,127 8.0 5,227 7.6
...Adequate 37,034 30.6 15,433 29.8 21,601 31.3
...Adequate Plus 49,574 41.0 20,167 38.9 29,407 42.6
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 119,723 99.0 51,674 99.7 68,049 98.5
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 630 0.5 115 0.2 515 0.7
...Other 595 0.5 59 0.1 536 0.8
MOTHER SMOKED? 11,896 9.8 7,557 14.6 4,339 6.3
...Yes
...No 108,895 90.0 44,244 85.3 64,651 93.6
...Unknown 157 0.1 47 0.1 110 0.2
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,769 3.9 2,262 4.4 2,507 3.6
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 53,505 44.2 19,269 37.2 34,236 49.5
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,439 24.3 12,842 24.8 16,597 24.0
...Obese (30.0+) 30,811 25.5 16,513 31.8 14,298 20.7
...Unknown 2,424 2.0 962 1.9 1,462 2.1
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 95,156 78.7 36,500 70.4 58,656 84.9
...Yes
...No 25,305 20.9 15,215 29.3 10,090 14.6
...Unknown 487 0.4 133 0.3 354 0.5
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,653 47.7 39,874 76.9 17,779 25.7
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 8,128 6.7 5,870 11.3 2,258 3.3
...Non-Medicaid 55,167 45.6 6,104 11.8 49,063 71.0


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2014 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
...White, Non-Hispanic ...Black, Non-Hispanic ...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic ...Other, Non-Hispanic ...Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 51,848 100.0 20,912 40.3 17,413 33.6 980 1.9 1,387 2.7 11,156 21.5
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 30 0.1 5 0.0 20 0.1 0 0 1 0.1 4 0.0
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 733 1.4 253 1.2 361 2.1 14 1.4 13 0.9 92 0.8
...1500-2499 grams 4,167 8.0 1,578 7.5 1,839 10.6 95 9.7 89 6.4 566 5.1
...2500+ grams 46,906 90.5 19,071 91.2 15,189 87.2 870 88.8 1,283 92.5 10,493 94.1
...Unknown 12 0.0 5 0.0 4 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 234 0.5 64 0.3 128 0.7 7 0.7 6 0.4 29 0.3
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 589 1.1 214 1.0 273 1.6 9 0.9 11 0.8 82 0.7
...32-36 weeks 4,196 8.1 1,674 8.0 1,636 9.4 77 7.9 93 6.7 716 6.4
...37+ weeks 46,811 90.3 18,954 90.6 15,373 88.3 887 90.5 1,275 91.9 10,322 92.5
...Unknown 18 0.0 6 0.0 3 0.0 0 0 2 0.1 7 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,839 3.5 672 3.2 668 3.8 48 4.9 23 1.7 428 3.8
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 45,207 87.2 18,812 90.0 15,405 88.5 872 89.0 1,166 84.1 8,952 80.2
...35+ years 4,802 9.3 1,428 6.8 1,340 7.7 60 6.1 198 14.3 1,776 15.9
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 13,430 25.9 3,730 17.8 3,051 17.5 241 24.6 411 29.6 5,997 53.8
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 17,136 33.1 7,289 34.9 5,922 34.0 380 38.8 396 28.6 3,149 28.2
...Some College 17,977 34.7 8,549 40.9 7,128 40.9 325 33.2 355 25.6 1,620 14.5
...Bachelors Degree 2,663 5.1 1,097 5.2 1,090 6.3 29 3.0 154 11.1 293 2.6
...Masters or PhD 497 1.0 207 1.0 193 1.1 4 0.4 54 3.9 39 0.3
...Unknown 145 0.3 40 0.2 29 0.2 1 0.1 17 1.2 58 0.5
MARITAL STATUS: 19,102 36.8 9,658 46.2 3,415 19.6 259 26.4 916 66.0 4,854 43.5
...Married
...Unmarried 32,727 63.1 11,243 53.8 13,993 80.4 720 73.5 470 33.9 6,301 56.5
...Unknown 19 0.0 11 0.1 5 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.0
PARITY: 16,720 32.2 7,578 36.2 5,672 32.6 340 34.7 444 32.0 2,686 24.1
...1
...2-3 22,920 44.2 9,331 44.6 7,449 42.8 436 44.5 638 46.0 5,066 45.4
...4+ 12,148 23.4 3,975 19.0 4,275 24.6 202 20.6 299 21.6 3,397 30.4
...Unknown 60 0.1 28 0.1 17 0.1 2 0.2 6 0.4 7 0.1
PLURITY: 50,220 96.9 20,266 96.9 16,714 96.0 959 97.9 1,358 97.9 10,923 97.9
...Singleton
...Twin 1,601 3.1 634 3.0 686 3.9 21 2.1 29 2.1 231 2.1
...Other Multiples 27 0.1 12 0.1 13 0.1 0 0 0 0 2 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 37,007 71.4 14,780 70.7 11,942 68.6 668 68.2 1,063 76.6 8,554 76.7
...Vaginal
...C-Section 14,827 28.6 6,123 29.3 5,469 31.4 311 31.7 323 23.3 2,601 23.3
...Unknown 14 0.0 9 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 32,511 62.7 14,231 68.1 10,554 60.6 651 66.4 713 51.4 6,362 57.0
...First
...Second 15,239 29.4 5,319 25.4 5,367 30.8 257 26.2 531 38.3 3,765 33.7
...Third 2,903 5.6 976 4.7 1,083 6.2 55 5.6 101 7.3 688 6.2
...No care 646 1.2 189 0.9 240 1.4 10 1.0 25 1.8 182 1.6
...Unknown 549 1.1 197 0.9 169 1.0 7 0.7 17 1.2 159 1.4
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 792 1.5 263 1.3 238 1.4 7 0.7 24 1.7 260 2.3
...Missing
...Inadequate 11,329 21.9 3,722 17.8 4,155 23.9 183 18.7 410 29.6 2,859 25.6
...Intermediate 4,127 8.0 1,388 6.6 1,267 7.3 102 10.4 132 9.5 1,238 11.1
...Adequate 15,433 29.8 6,490 31.0 4,899 28.1 363 37.0 366 26.4 3,315 29.7
...Adequate Plus 20,167 38.9 9,049 43.3 6,854 39.4 325 33.2 455 32.8 3,484 31.2
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 51,674 99.7 20,799 99.5 17,378 99.8 977 99.7 1,380 99.5 11,140 99.9
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 115 0.2 73 0.3 24 0.1 2 0.2 5 0.4 11 0.1
...Other 59 0.1 40 0.2 11 0.1 1 0.1 2 0.1 5 0.0
MOTHER SMOKED? 7,557 14.6 5,266 25.2 1,803 10.4 251 25.6 46 3.3 191 1.7
...Yes
...No 44,244 85.3 15,624 74.7 15,589 89.5 727 74.2 1,340 96.6 10,964 98.3
...Unknown 47 0.1 22 0.1 21 0.1 2 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,262 4.4 1,188 5.7 651 3.7 43 4.4 110 7.9 270 2.4
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 19,269 37.2 8,526 40.8 5,583 32.1 351 35.8 734 52.9 4,075 36.5
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 12,842 24.8 4,745 22.7 4,104 23.6 259 26.4 307 22.1 3,427 30.7
...Obese (30.0+) 16,513 31.8 6,221 29.7 6,804 39.1 322 32.9 192 13.8 2,974 26.7
...Unknown 962 1.9 232 1.1 271 1.6 5 0.5 44 3.2 410 3.7
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 36,500 70.4 14,801 70.8 10,482 60.2 494 50.4 1,092 78.7 9,631 86.3
...Yes
...No 15,215 29.3 6,049 28.9 6,875 39.5 478 48.8 292 21.1 1,521 13.6
...Unknown 133 0.3 62 0.3 56 0.3 8 0.8 3 0.2 4 0.0
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 39,874 76.9 18,059 86.4 15,913 91.4 914 93.3 1,116 80.5 3,872 34.7
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 5,870 11.3 33 0.2 52 0.3 0 0 58 4.2 5,727 51.3
...Non-Medicaid 6,104 11.8 2,820 13.5 1,448 8.3 66 6.7 213 15.4 1,557 14.0

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding.
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2014 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S PRENATAL WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births
# % # %
TOTAL 120,948 51,848 42.9 69,100 57.1
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,766 932 52.8 834 47.2
Alamance
Alexander 351 167 47.6 184 52.4
Alleghany 99 58 58.6 41 41.4
Anson 237 154 65.0 83 35.0
Ashe 223 127 57.0 96 43.0
Avery 114 75 65.8 39 34.2
Beaufort 447 285 63.8 162 36.2
Bertie 164 123 75.0 41 25.0
Bladen 363 213 58.7 150 41.3
Brunswick 1,102 471 42.7 631 57.3
Buncombe 2,576 1,135 44.1 1,441 55.9
Burke 885 496 56.0 389 44.0
Cabarrus 2,335 877 37.6 1,458 62.4
Caldwell 828 440 53.1 388 46.9
Camden 98 27 27.6 71 72.4
Carteret 581 270 46.5 311 53.5
Caswell 210 121 57.6 89 42.4
Catawba 1,806 964 53.4 842 46.6
Chatham 610 264 43.3 346 56.7
Cherokee 210 125 59.5 85 40.5
Chowan 124 73 58.9 51 41.1
Clay 78 52 66.7 26 33.3
Cleveland 1,055 633 60.0 422 40.0
Columbus 608 366 60.2 242 39.8
Craven 1,500 738 49.2 762 50.8
Cumberland 5,700 2,771 48.6 2,929 51.4
Currituck 260 84 32.3 176 67.7
Dare 351 143 40.7 208 59.3
Davidson 1,756 931 53.0 825 47.0
Davie 361 168 46.5 193 53.5
Duplin 772 492 63.7 280 36.3
Durham 4,503 1,664 37.0 2,839 63.0
Edgecombe 601 470 78.2 131 21.8
Forsyth 4,548 1,864 41.0 2,684 59.0
Franklin 664 277 41.7 387 58.3
Gaston 2,533 1,145 45.2 1,388 54.8
Gates 104 59 56.7 45 43.3
Graham 90 72 80.0 18 20.0
Granville 550 281 51.1 269 48.9
Greene 216 142 65.7 74 34.3
Guilford 6,085 2,305 37.9 3,780 62.1
Halifax 593 394 66.4 199 33.6
Harnett 1,985 846 42.6 1,139 57.4
Haywood 562 283 50.4 279 49.6
Henderson 1,110 447 40.3 663 59.7
Hertford 223 144 64.6 79 35.4
Hoke 948 406 42.8 542 57.2
Hyde 37 23 62.2 14 37.8
Iredell 1,771 724 40.9 1,047 59.1
Jackson 399 225 56.4 174 43.6
Johnston 2,287 1,016 44.4 1,271 55.6
Jones 105 67 63.8 38 36.2
Lee 787 476 60.5 311 39.5
Lenoir 681 443 65.1 238 34.9
Lincoln 817 378 46.3 439 53.7
McDowell 447 288 64.4 159 35.6
Macon 334 217 65.0 117 35.0
Madison 196 96 49.0 100 51.0
Martin 232 146 62.9 86 37.1
Mecklenburg 14,409 3,683 25.6 10,726 74.4
Mitchell 142 78 54.9 64 45.1
Montgomery 318 227 71.4 91 28.6
Moore 1,023 412 40.3 611 59.7
Nash 1,036 665 64.2 371 35.8
New Hanover 2,283 922 40.4 1,361 59.6
Northampton 165 122 73.9 43 26.1
Onslow 4,367 1,990 45.6 2,377 54.4
Orange 1,215 386 31.8 829 68.2
Pamlico 91 57 62.6 34 37.4
Pasquotank 536 273 50.9 263 49.1
Pender 634 272 42.9 362 57.1
Perquimans 124 72 58.1 52 41.9
Person 435 231 53.1 204 46.9
Pitt 2,125 993 46.7 1,132 53.3
Polk 156 72 46.2 84 53.8
Randolph 1,603 797 49.7 806 50.3
Richmond 504 359 71.2 145 28.8
Robeson 1,819 1,159 63.7 660 36.3
Rockingham 963 554 57.5 409 42.5
Rowan 1,551 709 45.7 842 54.3
Rutherford 672 430 64.0 242 36.0
Sampson 840 535 63.7 305 36.3
Scotland 440 335 76.1 105 23.9
Stanly 718 358 49.9 360 50.1
Stokes 402 182 45.3 220 54.7
Surry 758 389 51.3 369 48.7
Swain 200 125 62.5 75 37.5
Transylvania 289 149 51.6 140 48.4
Tyrrell 41 26 63.4 15 36.6
Union 2,378 739 31.1 1,639 68.9
Vance 561 365 65.1 196 34.9
Wake 12,635 3,048 24.1 9,587 75.9
Warren 198 130 65.7 68 34.3
Washington 116 78 67.2 38 32.8
Watauga 370 147 39.7 223 60.3
Wayne 1,717 879 51.2 838 48.8
Wilkes 686 402 58.6 284 41.4
Wilson 936 555 59.3 381 40.7
Yadkin 341 174 51.0 167 49.0
Yancey 173 96 55.5 77 44.5

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services