RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2015 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL PRENATAL WIC STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL 120,826 100.0 54,816 45.4 66,010 54.6
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RACE/ETHNICITY: 67,004 55.5 21,414 39.1 45,590 69.1
...White, Non-Hispanic
...Black, Non-Hispanic 28,785 23.8 18,725 34.2 10,060 15.2
...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,648 1.4 990 1.8 658 1.0
...Other, Non-Hispanic 5,304 4.4 1,473 2.7 3,831 5.8
...Hispanic 18,085 15.0 12,214 22.3 5,871 8.9
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 274 0.2 38 0.1 236 0.4
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,876 1.6 855 1.6 1,021 1.5
...1500-2499 grams 8,916 7.4 4,561 8.3 4,355 6.6
...2500+ grams 109,725 90.8 49,356 90.0 60,369 91.5
...Unknown 35 0.0 6 0.0 29 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 923 0.8 311 0.6 612 0.9
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,444 1.2 670 1.2 774 1.2
...32-36 weeks 9,942 8.2 4,637 8.5 5,305 8.0
...37+ weeks 108,449 89.8 49,190 89.7 59,259 89.8
...Unknown 68 0.1 8 0.0 60 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 2,204 1.8 1,798 3.3 406 0.6
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 100,875 83.5 47,901 87.4 52,974 80.3
...35+ years 17,745 14.7 5,116 9.3 12,629 19.1
...Unknown 2 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 18,206 15.1 13,740 25.1 4,466 6.8
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 27,311 22.6 18,261 33.3 9,050 13.7
...Some College 38,895 32.2 19,070 34.8 19,825 30.0
...Bachelors Degree 23,101 19.1 2,980 5.4 20,121 30.5
...Masters or PhD 12,980 10.7 579 1.1 12,401 18.8
...Unknown 333 0.3 186 0.3 147 0.2
MARITAL STATUS: 71,274 59.0 19,699 35.9 51,575 78.1
...Married
...Unmarried 49,501 41.0 35,101 64.0 14,400 21.8
...Unknown 51 0.0 16 0.0 35 0.1
PARITY: 39,807 32.9 17,589 32.1 22,218 33.7
...1
...2-3 56,161 46.5 24,124 44.0 32,037 48.5
...4+ 24,763 20.5 13,072 23.8 11,691 17.7
...Unknown 95 0.1 31 0.1 64 0.1
PLURITY: 116,575 96.5 53,091 96.9 63,484 96.2
...Singleton
...Twin 4,120 3.4 1,693 3.1 2,427 3.7
...Other Multiples 131 0.1 32 0.1 99 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 85,355 70.6 39,037 71.2 46,318 70.2
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,405 29.3 15,758 28.7 19,647 29.8
...Unknown 66 0.1 21 0.0 45 0.1
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 81,887 67.8 33,777 61.6 48,110 72.9
...First
...Second 28,462 23.6 16,339 29.8 12,123 18.4
...Third 6,349 5.3 3,114 5.7 3,235 4.9
...No care 2,689 2.2 936 1.7 1,753 2.7
...Unknown 1,439 1.2 650 1.2 789 1.2
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,976 1.6 934 1.7 1,042 1.6
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,908 19.0 12,390 22.6 10,518 15.9
...Intermediate 6,955 5.8 3,867 7.1 3,088 4.7
...Adequate 33,739 27.9 14,904 27.2 18,835 28.5
...Adequate Plus 55,248 45.7 22,721 41.4 32,527 49.3
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 119,484 98.9 54,613 99.6 64,871 98.3
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 663 0.5 112 0.2 551 0.8
...Other 679 0.6 91 0.2 588 0.9
MOTHER SMOKED? 11,297 9.3 7,677 14.0 3,620 5.5
...Yes
...No 109,443 90.6 47,114 85.9 62,329 94.4
...Unknown 86 0.1 25 0.0 61 0.1
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,451 3.7 2,344 4.3 2,107 3.2
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 52,415 43.4 19,911 36.3 32,504 49.2
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,674 24.6 13,750 25.1 15,924 24.1
...Obese (30.0+) 31,287 25.9 17,438 31.8 13,849 21.0
...Unknown 2,999 2.5 1,373 2.5 1,626 2.5
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 96,703 80.0 39,709 72.4 56,994 86.3
...Yes
...No 23,661 19.6 14,969 27.3 8,692 13.2
...Unknown 462 0.4 138 0.3 324 0.5
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 58,086 48.1 42,516 77.6 15,570 23.6
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 8,166 6.8 6,469 11.8 1,697 2.6
...Non-Medicaid 54,574 45.2 5,831 10.6 48,743 73.8


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2015 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
...White, Non-Hispanic ...Black, Non-Hispanic ...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic ...Other, Non-Hispanic ...Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 54,816 100.0 21,414 39.1 18,725 34.2 990 1.8 1,473 2.7 12,214 22.3
RESIDENT BIRTHS
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 38 0.1 8 0.0 23 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 5 0.0
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 855 1.6 258 1.2 464 2.5 12 1.2 10 0.7 111 0.9
...1500-2499 grams 4,561 8.3 1,649 7.7 2,038 10.9 99 10.0 96 6.5 679 5.6
...2500+ grams 49,356 90.0 19,496 91.0 16,198 86.5 877 88.6 1,366 92.7 11,419 93.5
...Unknown 6 0.0 3 0.0 2 0.0 1 0.1 0 0 0 0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 311 0.6 89 0.4 167 0.9 6 0.6 3 0.2 46 0.4
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 670 1.2 227 1.1 333 1.8 11 1.1 6 0.4 93 0.8
...32-36 weeks 4,637 8.5 1,748 8.2 1,836 9.8 74 7.5 108 7.3 871 7.1
...37+ weeks 49,190 89.7 19,345 90.3 16,388 87.5 898 90.7 1,356 92.1 11,203 91.7
...Unknown 8 0.0 5 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.1 0 0 1 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,798 3.3 641 3.0 656 3.5 50 5.1 25 1.7 426 3.5
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 47,901 87.4 19,331 90.3 16,579 88.5 881 89.0 1,243 84.4 9,867 80.8
...35+ years 5,116 9.3 1,441 6.7 1,490 8.0 59 6.0 205 13.9 1,921 15.7
...Unknown 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 13,740 25.1 3,730 17.4 3,045 16.3 236 23.8 457 31.0 6,272 51.4
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 18,261 33.3 7,570 35.4 6,455 34.5 391 39.5 413 28.0 3,432 28.1
...Some College 19,070 34.8 8,695 40.6 7,668 41.0 319 32.2 374 25.4 2,014 16.5
...Bachelors Degree 2,980 5.4 1,160 5.4 1,267 6.8 38 3.8 168 11.4 347 2.8
...Masters or PhD 579 1.1 209 1.0 264 1.4 5 0.5 49 3.3 52 0.4
...Unknown 186 0.3 50 0.2 26 0.1 1 0.1 12 0.8 97 0.8
MARITAL STATUS: 19,699 35.9 9,590 44.8 3,572 19.1 277 28.0 1,022 69.4 5,238 42.9
...Married
...Unmarried 35,101 64.0 11,813 55.2 15,150 80.9 711 71.8 451 30.6 6,976 57.1
...Unknown 16 0.0 11 0.1 3 0.0 2 0.2 0 0 0 0
PARITY: 17,589 32.1 7,591 35.4 6,127 32.7 348 35.2 471 32.0 3,052 25.0
...1
...2-3 24,124 44.0 9,619 44.9 7,880 42.1 417 42.1 694 47.1 5,514 45.1
...4+ 13,072 23.8 4,194 19.6 4,704 25.1 224 22.6 308 20.9 3,642 29.8
...Unknown 31 0.1 10 0.0 14 0.1 1 0.1 0 0 6 0.0
PLURITY: 53,091 96.9 20,676 96.6 18,031 96.3 969 97.9 1,441 97.8 11,974 98.0
...Singleton
...Twin 1,693 3.1 717 3.3 686 3.7 21 2.1 32 2.2 237 1.9
...Other Multiples 32 0.1 21 0.1 8 0.0 0 0 0 0 3 0.0
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 39,037 71.2 14,967 69.9 12,805 68.4 688 69.5 1,113 75.6 9,464 77.5
...Vaginal
...C-Section 15,758 28.7 6,439 30.1 5,913 31.6 301 30.4 360 24.4 2,745 22.5
...Unknown 21 0.0 8 0.0 7 0.0 1 0.1 0 0 5 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 33,777 61.6 14,362 67.1 11,172 59.7 612 61.8 768 52.1 6,863 56.2
...First
...Second 16,339 29.8 5,479 25.6 5,878 31.4 305 30.8 572 38.8 4,105 33.6
...Third 3,114 5.7 1,018 4.8 1,188 6.3 50 5.1 97 6.6 761 6.2
...No care 936 1.7 299 1.4 302 1.6 14 1.4 24 1.6 297 2.4
...Unknown 650 1.2 256 1.2 185 1.0 9 0.9 12 0.8 188 1.5
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 934 1.7 349 1.6 279 1.5 10 1.0 20 1.4 276 2.3
...Missing
...Inadequate 12,390 22.6 3,924 18.3 4,617 24.7 222 22.4 424 28.8 3,203 26.2
...Intermediate 3,867 7.1 1,246 5.8 1,282 6.8 109 11.0 75 5.1 1,155 9.5
...Adequate 14,904 27.2 6,195 28.9 4,537 24.2 335 33.8 403 27.4 3,434 28.1
...Adequate Plus 22,721 41.4 9,700 45.3 8,010 42.8 314 31.7 551 37.4 4,146 33.9
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 54,613 99.6 21,288 99.4 18,677 99.7 989 99.9 1,471 99.9 12,188 99.8
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 112 0.2 60 0.3 33 0.2 1 0.1 2 0.1 16 0.1
...Other 91 0.2 66 0.3 15 0.1 0 0 0 0 10 0.1
MOTHER SMOKED? 7,677 14.0 5,278 24.6 1,918 10.2 220 22.2 38 2.6 223 1.8
...Yes
...No 47,114 85.9 16,120 75.3 16,800 89.7 769 77.7 1,435 97.4 11,990 98.2
...Unknown 25 0.0 16 0.1 7 0.0 1 0.1 0 0 1 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,344 4.3 1,206 5.6 675 3.6 60 6.1 90 6.1 313 2.6
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 19,911 36.3 8,418 39.3 6,019 32.1 343 34.6 805 54.7 4,326 35.4
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 13,750 25.1 4,938 23.1 4,446 23.7 245 24.7 323 21.9 3,798 31.1
...Obese (30.0+) 17,438 31.8 6,476 30.2 7,251 38.7 336 33.9 202 13.7 3,173 26.0
...Unknown 1,373 2.5 376 1.8 334 1.8 6 0.6 53 3.6 604 4.9
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 39,709 72.4 15,400 71.9 11,886 63.5 510 51.5 1,184 80.4 10,729 87.8
...Yes
...No 14,969 27.3 5,939 27.7 6,798 36.3 473 47.8 283 19.2 1,476 12.1
...Unknown 138 0.3 75 0.4 41 0.2 7 0.7 6 0.4 9 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 42,516 77.6 18,722 87.4 17,203 91.9 930 93.9 1,167 79.2 4,494 36.8
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 6,469 11.8 39 0.2 48 0.3 0 0 79 5.4 6,303 51.6
...Non-Medicaid 5,831 10.6 2,653 12.4 1,474 7.9 60 6.1 227 15.4 1,417 11.6

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding.
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2015 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MOTHERS ENROLLED IN PRENATAL WIC BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S PRENATAL WIC STATUS:
Prenatal WIC No Prenatal WIC
Births Births
# % # %
TOTAL 120,826 54,816 45.4 66,010 54.6
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,783 952 53.4 831 46.6
Alamance
Alexander 343 164 47.8 179 52.2
Alleghany 104 73 70.2 31 29.8
Anson 230 171 74.3 59 25.7
Ashe 214 110 51.4 104 48.6
Avery 147 95 64.6 52 35.4
Beaufort 486 320 65.8 166 34.2
Bertie 169 121 71.6 48 28.4
Bladen 351 236 67.2 115 32.8
Brunswick 1,044 502 48.1 542 51.9
Buncombe 2,625 1,145 43.6 1,480 56.4
Burke 901 530 58.8 371 41.2
Cabarrus 2,458 868 35.3 1,590 64.7
Caldwell 800 477 59.6 323 40.4
Camden 90 24 26.7 66 73.3
Carteret 612 272 44.4 340 55.6
Caswell 191 101 52.9 90 47.1
Catawba 1,754 941 53.6 813 46.4
Chatham 665 263 39.5 402 60.5
Cherokee 222 139 62.6 83 37.4
Chowan 166 96 57.8 70 42.2
Clay 83 52 62.7 31 37.3
Cleveland 1,084 636 58.7 448 41.3
Columbus 600 387 64.5 213 35.5
Craven 1,454 803 55.2 651 44.8
Cumberland 5,413 2,741 50.6 2,672 49.4
Currituck 260 99 38.1 161 61.9
Dare 348 148 42.5 200 57.5
Davidson 1,749 940 53.7 809 46.3
Davie 388 184 47.4 204 52.6
Duplin 748 494 66.0 254 34.0
Durham 4,231 1,631 38.5 2,600 61.5
Edgecombe 638 486 76.2 152 23.8
Forsyth 4,340 2,048 47.2 2,292 52.8
Franklin 725 315 43.4 410 56.6
Gaston 2,525 1,164 46.1 1,361 53.9
Gates 109 51 46.8 58 53.2
Graham 77 50 64.9 27 35.1
Granville 581 269 46.3 312 53.7
Greene 203 131 64.5 72 35.5
Guilford 6,095 2,720 44.6 3,375 55.4
Halifax 574 405 70.6 169 29.4
Harnett 1,800 778 43.2 1,022 56.8
Haywood 597 304 50.9 293 49.1
Henderson 1,069 458 42.8 611 57.2
Hertford 239 170 71.1 69 28.9
Hoke 956 385 40.3 571 59.7
Hyde 49 32 65.3 17 34.7
Iredell 1,935 785 40.6 1,150 59.4
Jackson 400 190 47.5 210 52.5
Johnston 2,267 957 42.2 1,310 57.8
Jones 90 52 57.8 38 42.2
Lee 726 432 59.5 294 40.5
Lenoir 633 412 65.1 221 34.9
Lincoln 791 356 45.0 435 55.0
McDowell 489 297 60.7 192 39.3
Macon 365 231 63.3 134 36.7
Madison 234 133 56.8 101 43.2
Martin 266 169 63.5 97 36.5
Mecklenburg 14,851 4,860 32.7 9,991 67.3
Mitchell 151 86 57.0 65 43.0
Montgomery 316 227 71.8 89 28.2
Moore 1,058 382 36.1 676 63.9
Nash 1,051 665 63.3 386 36.7
New Hanover 2,311 891 38.6 1,420 61.4
Northampton 177 129 72.9 48 27.1
Onslow 4,173 1,948 46.7 2,225 53.3
Orange 1,207 378 31.3 829 68.7
Pamlico 84 59 70.2 25 29.8
Pasquotank 493 317 64.3 176 35.7
Pender 615 283 46.0 332 54.0
Perquimans 112 57 50.9 55 49.1
Person 403 222 55.1 181 44.9
Pitt 2,163 1,058 48.9 1,105 51.1
Polk 140 74 52.9 66 47.1
Randolph 1,558 832 53.4 726 46.6
Richmond 557 399 71.6 158 28.4
Robeson 1,771 1,189 67.1 582 32.9
Rockingham 905 492 54.4 413 45.6
Rowan 1,603 799 49.8 804 50.2
Rutherford 681 468 68.7 213 31.3
Sampson 832 556 66.8 276 33.2
Scotland 443 332 74.9 111 25.1
Stanly 678 355 52.4 323 47.6
Stokes 411 177 43.1 234 56.9
Surry 750 441 58.8 309 41.2
Swain 219 94 42.9 125 57.1
Transylvania 274 144 52.6 130 47.4
Tyrrell 39 27 69.2 12 30.8
Union 2,359 675 28.6 1,684 71.4
Vance 540 340 63.0 200 37.0
Wake 12,867 3,721 28.9 9,146 71.1
Warren 186 139 74.7 47 25.3
Washington 119 100 84.0 19 16.0
Watauga 355 138 38.9 217 61.1
Wayne 1,630 934 57.3 696 42.7
Wilkes 719 432 60.1 287 39.9
Wilson 971 596 61.4 375 38.6
Yadkin 386 203 52.6 183 47.4
Yancey 182 102 56.0 80 44.0

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services