RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2016 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS: OVERALL, ALL MOTHERS

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
RESIDENT BIRTHS White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 120,765 100.0 66,825 55.3 28,406 23.5 1,576 1.3 5,603 4.6 18,355 15.2
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 280 0.2 83 0.1 149 0.5 4 0.3 9 0.2 35 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,726 1.4 730 1.1 712 2.5 26 1.6 55 1.0 203 1.1
...1500-2499 grams 9,150 7.6 4,267 6.4 3,152 11.1 168 10.7 449 8.0 1,114 6.1
...2500+ grams 109,577 90.7 61,728 92.4 24,385 85.8 1,376 87.3 5,090 90.8 16,998 92.6
...Unknown 32 0.0 17 0.0 8 0.0 2 0.1 0 0.0 5 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 858 0.7 314 0.5 398 1.4 10 0.6 31 0.6 105 0.6
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,389 1.2 621 0.9 500 1.8 27 1.7 38 0.7 203 1.1
...32-36 weeks 10,302 8.5 5,360 8.0 3,006 10.6 170 10.8 423 7.5 1,343 7.3
...37+ weeks 108,165 89.6 60,512 90.6 24,483 86.2 1,367 86.7 5,109 91.2 16,694 91.0
...Unknown 51 0.0 18 0.0 19 0.1 2 0.1 2 0.0 10 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,981 1.6 650 1.0 733 2.6 54 3.4 24 0.4 520 2.8
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 100,222 83.0 55,636 83.3 24,224 85.3 1,362 86.4 4,455 79.5 14,545 79.2
...35+ years 18,560 15.4 10,537 15.8 3,449 12.1 160 10.2 1,124 20.1 3,290 17.9
...Unknown 2 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 17,322 14.3 4,755 7.1 3,816 13.4 291 18.5 681 12.2 7,779 42.4
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 27,432 22.7 12,599 18.9 8,567 30.2 567 36.0 741 13.2 4,958 27.0
...Some College 38,279 31.7 22,262 33.3 10,874 38.3 507 32.2 942 16.8 3,694 20.1
...Bachelors Degree 24,233 20.1 17,706 26.5 3,426 12.1 152 9.6 1,645 29.4 1,304 7.1
...Masters or PhD 13,157 10.9 9,342 14.0 1,664 5.9 57 3.6 1,573 28.1 521 2.8
...Unknown 342 0.3 161 0.2 59 0.2 2 0.1 21 0.4 99 0.5
MARITAL STATUS: 71,914 59.5 49,231 73.7 8,221 28.9 582 36.9 4,799 85.7 9,081 49.5
...Married
...Unmarried 48,789 40.4 17,549 26.3 20,177 71.0 994 63.1 801 14.3 9,268 50.5
...Unknown 62 0.1 45 0.1 8 0.0 0 0.0 3 0.1 6 0.0
PARITY: 38,672 32.0 23,122 34.6 8,308 29.2 501 31.8 2,109 37.6 4,632 25.2
...1
...2-3 56,428 46.7 32,153 48.1 12,390 43.6 701 44.5 2,707 48.3 8,477 46.2
...4+ 25,574 21.2 11,501 17.2 7,682 27.0 373 23.7 784 14.0 5,234 28.5
...Unknown 91 0.1 49 0.1 26 0.1 1 0.1 3 0.1 12 0.1
PLURITY: 116,516 96.5 64,397 96.4 27,236 95.9 1,521 96.5 5,403 96.4 17,959 97.8
...Singleton
...Twin 4,126 3.4 2,368 3.5 1,137 4.0 55 3.5 191 3.4 375 2.0
...Other Multiples 123 0.1 60 0.1 33 0.1 0 0.0 9 0.2 21 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 85,189 70.5 47,060 70.4 19,226 67.7 1,060 67.3 3,937 70.3 13,906 75.8
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,538 29.4 19,737 29.5 9,175 32.3 516 32.7 1,666 29.7 4,444 24.2
...Unknown 38 0.0 28 0.0 5 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 83,319 69.0 50,491 75.6 17,428 61.4 974 61.8 3,772 67.3 10,654 58.0
...First
...Second 28,009 23.2 12,297 18.4 8,082 28.5 443 28.1 1,407 25.1 5,780 31.5
...Third 6,530 5.4 2,712 4.1 2,029 7.1 96 6.1 324 5.8 1,369 7.5
...No care 1,931 1.6 809 1.2 642 2.3 41 2.6 61 1.1 378 2.1
...Unknown 976 0.8 516 0.8 225 0.8 22 1.4 39 0.7 174 0.9
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,404 1.2 695 1.0 357 1.3 23 1.5 55 1.0 274 1.5
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,076 18.3 8,923 13.4 6,917 24.4 334 21.2 1,079 19.3 4,823 26.3
...Intermediate 6,828 5.7 3,195 4.8 1,734 6.1 151 9.6 224 4.0 1,524 8.3
...Adequate 31,620 26.2 18,510 27.7 6,285 22.1 495 31.4 1,484 26.5 4,846 26.4
...Adequate Plus 58,837 48.7 35,502 53.1 13,113 46.2 573 36.4 2,761 49.3 6,888 37.5
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 119,262 98.8 65,618 98.2 28,258 99.5 1,569 99.6 5,567 99.4 18,250 99.4
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 610 0.5 455 0.7 82 0.3 4 0.3 16 0.3 53 0.3
...Other 893 0.7 752 1.1 66 0.2 3 0.2 20 0.4 52 0.3
MOTHER SMOKED? 10,776 8.9 7,643 11.4 2,425 8.5 357 22.7 74 1.3 277 1.5
...Yes
...No 109,627 90.8 58,916 88.2 25,912 91.2 1,216 77.2 5,517 98.5 18,066 98.4
...Unknown 362 0.3 266 0.4 69 0.2 3 0.2 12 0.2 12 0.1
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,243 3.5 2,539 3.8 892 3.1 64 4.1 342 6.1 406 2.2
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 51,178 42.4 31,707 47.4 8,873 31.2 528 33.5 3,309 59.1 6,761 36.8
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,790 24.7 15,605 23.4 7,042 24.8 368 23.4 1,256 22.4 5,519 30.1
...Obese (30.0+) 32,710 27.1 15,668 23.4 10,984 38.7 583 37.0 564 10.1 4,911 26.8
...Unknown 2,844 2.4 1,306 2.0 615 2.2 33 2.1 132 2.4 758 4.1
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 98,495 81.6 56,359 84.3 19,854 69.9 908 57.6 4,998 89.2 16,376 89.2
...Yes
...No 21,898 18.1 10,240 15.3 8,475 29.8 652 41.4 578 10.3 1,953 10.6
...Unknown 372 0.3 226 0.3 77 0.3 16 1.0 27 0.5 26 0.1
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,650 47.7 26,520 39.7 21,866 77.0 1,273 80.8 1,784 31.8 6,207 33.8
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 8,407 7.0 91 0.1 106 0.4 0 0.0 111 2.0 8,099 44.1
...Non-Medicaid 54,708 45.3 40,214 60.2 6,434 22.7 303 19.2 3,708 66.2 4,049 22.1
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 52,409 43.4 19,775 29.6 18,147 63.9 897 56.9 1,514 27.0 12,076 65.8
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 68,356 56.6 47,050 70.4 10,259 36.1 679 43.1 4,089 73.0 6,279 34.2


2016 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL RACE/ETHNICITY AND COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL 120,765 66,825 55.3 28,406 23.5 1,576 1.3 5,603 4.6 18,355 15.2
RESIDENT BIRTHS
RESIDENCE: 1,856 1,018 54.8 398 21.4 6 0.3 43 2.3 391 21.1
Alamance
Alexander 343 296 86.3 11 3.2 0 0 8 2.3 28 8.2
Alleghany 95 81 85.3 2 2.1 0 0 0 0 12 12.6
Anson 266 110 41.4 138 51.9 2 0.8 4 1.5 12 4.5
Ashe 209 187 89.5 2 1.0 0 0 1 0.5 19 9.1
Avery 149 126 84.6 0 0 1 0.7 1 0.7 21 14.1
Beaufort 431 228 52.9 135 31.3 2 0.5 3 0.7 63 14.6
Bertie 190 51 26.8 133 70.0 0 0 1 0.5 5 2.6
Bladen 333 155 46.5 119 35.7 7 2.1 4 1.2 48 14.4
Brunswick 978 722 73.8 131 13.4 6 0.6 17 1.7 102 10.4
Buncombe 2,595 2,035 78.4 198 7.6 7 0.3 46 1.8 309 11.9
Burke 900 676 75.1 39 4.3 4 0.4 67 7.4 114 12.7
Cabarrus 2,477 1,447 58.4 443 17.9 8 0.3 155 6.3 424 17.1
Caldwell 822 707 86.0 43 5.2 1 0.1 9 1.1 62 7.5
Camden 90 77 85.6 7 7.8 1 1.1 3 3.3 2 2.2
Carteret 546 451 82.6 35 6.4 2 0.4 12 2.2 46 8.4
Caswell 203 146 71.9 45 22.2 0 0 1 0.5 11 5.4
Catawba 1,664 1,068 64.2 176 10.6 4 0.2 130 7.8 286 17.2
Chatham 640 408 63.8 75 11.7 2 0.3 22 3.4 133 20.8
Cherokee 257 235 91.4 4 1.6 5 1.9 2 0.8 11 4.3
Chowan 113 56 49.6 54 47.8 0 0 0 0 3 2.7
Clay 101 89 88.1 2 2.0 0 0 2 2.0 8 7.9
Cleveland 1,059 733 69.2 260 24.6 3 0.3 15 1.4 48 4.5
Columbus 593 324 54.6 188 31.7 18 3.0 2 0.3 61 10.3
Craven 1,439 905 62.9 301 20.9 8 0.6 82 5.7 143 9.9
Cumberland 5,446 2,332 42.8 2,042 37.5 96 1.8 205 3.8 771 14.2
Currituck 262 231 88.2 16 6.1 0 0 3 1.1 12 4.6
Dare 319 251 78.7 7 2.2 0 0 3 0.9 58 18.2
Davidson 1,771 1,344 75.9 189 10.7 6 0.3 28 1.6 204 11.5
Davie 420 338 80.5 30 7.1 0 0 4 1.0 48 11.4
Duplin 706 277 39.2 148 21.0 0 0 7 1.0 274 38.8
Durham 4,346 1,652 38.0 1,422 32.7 13 0.3 285 6.6 974 22.4
Edgecombe 567 144 25.4 385 67.9 0 0 0 0 38 6.7
Forsyth 4,495 2,188 48.7 1,200 26.7 13 0.3 174 3.9 920 20.5
Franklin 683 399 58.4 197 28.8 1 0.1 9 1.3 77 11.3
Gaston 2,524 1,682 66.6 492 19.5 3 0.1 44 1.7 303 12.0
Gates 111 78 70.3 28 25.2 0 0 2 1.8 3 2.7
Graham 84 73 86.9 1 1.2 6 7.1 0 0 4 4.8
Granville 570 316 55.4 168 29.5 3 0.5 11 1.9 72 12.6
Greene 207 85 41.1 66 31.9 0 0 3 1.4 53 25.6
Guilford 6,258 2,412 38.5 2,516 40.2 22 0.4 474 7.6 834 13.3
Halifax 559 182 32.6 337 60.3 13 2.3 4 0.7 23 4.1
Harnett 1,861 1,136 61.0 371 19.9 13 0.7 31 1.7 310 16.7
Haywood 616 566 91.9 13 2.1 2 0.3 6 1.0 29 4.7
Henderson 1,089 803 73.7 42 3.9 5 0.5 28 2.6 211 19.4
Hertford 223 59 26.5 148 66.4 2 0.9 3 1.3 11 4.9
Hoke 935 467 49.9 220 23.5 59 6.3 34 3.6 155 16.6
Hyde 39 20 51.3 8 20.5 0 0 0 0 11 28.2
Iredell 1,924 1,304 67.8 305 15.9 6 0.3 82 4.3 227 11.8
Jackson 392 268 68.4 7 1.8 74 18.9 4 1.0 39 9.9
Johnston 2,336 1,476 63.2 359 15.4 9 0.4 38 1.6 454 19.4
Jones 83 63 75.9 15 18.1 0 0 0 0 5 6.0
Lee 810 389 48.0 169 20.9 3 0.4 14 1.7 235 29.0
Lenoir 647 255 39.4 305 47.1 2 0.3 4 0.6 81 12.5
Lincoln 809 676 83.6 47 5.8 0 0 16 2.0 70 8.7
McDowell 444 389 87.6 11 2.5 2 0.5 7 1.6 35 7.9
Macon 333 257 77.2 2 0.6 1 0.3 10 3.0 63 18.9
Madison 196 189 96.4 1 0.5 0 0 1 0.5 5 2.6
Martin 237 101 42.6 115 48.5 2 0.8 0 0 19 8.0
Mecklenburg 14,876 5,795 39.0 4,699 31.6 29 0.2 1,393 9.4 2,960 19.9
Mitchell 141 126 89.4 1 0.7 0 0 1 0.7 13 9.2
Montgomery 296 175 59.1 36 12.2 0 0 10 3.4 75 25.3
Moore 1,132 834 73.7 146 12.9 17 1.5 26 2.3 109 9.6
Nash 1,016 429 42.2 461 45.4 9 0.9 11 1.1 106 10.4
New Hanover 2,241 1,552 69.3 370 16.5 10 0.4 58 2.6 251 11.2
Northampton 200 55 27.5 131 65.5 0 0 2 1.0 12 6.0
Onslow 3,959 2,803 70.8 484 12.2 28 0.7 98 2.5 546 13.8
Orange 1,166 689 59.1 152 13.0 3 0.3 127 10.9 195 16.7
Pamlico 98 67 68.4 17 17.3 1 1.0 2 2.0 11 11.2
Pasquotank 479 253 52.8 172 35.9 3 0.6 11 2.3 40 8.4
Pender 651 459 70.5 94 14.4 1 0.2 8 1.2 89 13.7
Perquimans 122 100 82.0 17 13.9 0 0 2 1.6 3 2.5
Person 401 244 60.8 122 30.4 1 0.2 4 1.0 30 7.5
Pitt 2,023 924 45.7 870 43.0 5 0.2 53 2.6 171 8.5
Polk 140 113 80.7 6 4.3 0 0 1 0.7 20 14.3
Randolph 1,600 1,115 69.7 133 8.3 6 0.4 46 2.9 300 18.8
Richmond 518 250 48.3 188 36.3 18 3.5 10 1.9 52 10.0
Robeson 1,775 331 18.6 381 21.5 765 43.1 22 1.2 276 15.5
Rockingham 937 650 69.4 185 19.7 3 0.3 7 0.7 92 9.8
Rowan 1,650 1,102 66.8 298 18.1 4 0.2 28 1.7 218 13.2
Rutherford 659 529 80.3 74 11.2 1 0.2 8 1.2 47 7.1
Sampson 831 333 40.1 198 23.8 21 2.5 15 1.8 264 31.8
Scotland 455 152 33.4 211 46.4 83 18.2 2 0.4 7 1.5
Stanly 690 517 74.9 98 14.2 6 0.9 24 3.5 45 6.5
Stokes 380 339 89.2 12 3.2 0 0 3 0.8 26 6.8
Surry 723 537 74.3 40 5.5 1 0.1 6 0.8 139 19.2
Swain 169 80 47.3 1 0.6 74 43.8 1 0.6 13 7.7
Transylvania 263 233 88.6 11 4.2 1 0.4 3 1.1 15 5.7
Tyrrell 51 29 56.9 10 19.6 0 0 0 0 12 23.5
Union 2,416 1,593 65.9 311 12.9 4 0.2 67 2.8 441 18.3
Vance 530 168 31.7 288 54.3 3 0.6 8 1.5 63 11.9
Wake 13,019 6,886 52.9 2,786 21.4 21 0.2 1,307 10.0 2,019 15.5
Warren 177 48 27.1 106 59.9 8 4.5 1 0.6 14 7.9
Washington 126 37 29.4 81 64.3 0 0 0 0 8 6.3
Watauga 367 330 89.9 5 1.4 1 0.3 6 1.6 25 6.8
Wayne 1,636 801 49.0 485 29.6 4 0.2 31 1.9 315 19.3
Wilkes 691 587 84.9 20 2.9 0 0 8 1.2 76 11.0
Wilson 964 380 39.4 379 39.3 2 0.2 24 2.5 179 18.6
Yadkin 392 306 78.1 5 1.3 0 0 5 1.3 76 19.4
Yancey 154 141 91.6 1 0.6 0 0 0 0 12 7.8

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services