RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2016 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
BY MATERNAL MEDICAID STATUS

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,765 100.0 57,650 47.7 8,407 7.0 54,708 45.3
RACE/ETHNICITY: 66,825 55.3 26,520 46.0 91 1.1 40,214 73.5
...White, Non-Hispanic
...Black, Non-Hispanic 28,406 23.5 21,866 37.9 106 1.3 6,434 11.8
...Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic 1,576 1.3 1,273 2.2 0 0 303 0.6
...Other, Non-Hispanic 5,603 4.6 1,784 3.1 111 1.3 3,708 6.8
...Hispanic 18,355 15.2 6,207 10.8 8,099 96.3 4,049 7.4
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 280 0.2 154 0.3 13 0.2 113 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,726 1.4 1,023 1.8 77 0.9 626 1.1
...1500-2499 grams 9,150 7.6 5,457 9.5 449 5.3 3,244 5.9
...2500+ grams 109,577 90.7 51,007 88.5 7,867 93.6 50,703 92.7
...Unknown 32 0.0 9 0.0 1 0.0 22 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 858 0.7 498 0.9 37 0.4 323 0.6
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 1,389 1.2 799 1.4 71 0.8 519 0.9
...32-36 weeks 10,302 8.5 5,605 9.7 590 7.0 4,107 7.5
...37+ weeks 108,165 89.6 50,722 88.0 7,704 91.6 49,739 90.9
...Unknown 51 0.0 26 0.0 5 0.1 20 0.0
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,981 1.6 1,736 3.0 142 1.7 103 0.2
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 100,222 83.0 51,012 88.5 6,278 74.7 42,932 78.5
...35+ years 18,560 15.4 4,902 8.5 1,987 23.6 11,671 21.3
...Unknown 2 0.0 0 0 0 0 2 0.0
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 17,322 14.3 10,773 18.7 5,372 63.9 1,177 2.2
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 27,432 22.7 20,218 35.1 2,113 25.1 5,101 9.3
...Some College 38,279 31.7 21,676 37.6 548 6.5 16,055 29.3
...Bachelors Degree 24,233 20.1 4,039 7.0 240 2.9 19,954 36.5
...Masters or PhD 13,157 10.9 802 1.4 56 0.7 12,299 22.5
...Unknown 342 0.3 142 0.2 78 0.9 122 0.2
MARITAL STATUS: 71,914 59.5 19,589 34.0 3,346 39.8 48,979 89.5
...Married
...Unmarried 48,789 40.4 38,041 66.0 5,060 60.2 5,688 10.4
...Unknown 62 0.1 20 0.0 1 0.0 41 0.1
PARITY: 38,672 32.0 17,452 30.3 1,411 16.8 19,809 36.2
...1
...2-3 56,428 46.7 26,019 45.1 3,872 46.1 26,537 48.5
...4+ 25,574 21.2 14,135 24.5 3,118 37.1 8,321 15.2
...Unknown 91 0.1 44 0.1 6 0.1 41 0.1
PLURITY: 116,516 96.5 55,761 96.7 8,272 98.4 52,483 95.9
...Singleton
...Twin 4,126 3.4 1,849 3.2 124 1.5 2,153 3.9
...Other Multiples 123 0.1 40 0.1 11 0.1 72 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 85,189 70.5 40,660 70.5 6,476 77.0 38,053 69.6
...Vaginal
...C-Section 35,538 29.4 16,980 29.5 1,928 22.9 16,630 30.4
...Unknown 38 0.0 10 0.0 3 0.0 25 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 83,319 69.0 35,099 60.9 4,225 50.3 43,995 80.4
...First
...Second 28,009 23.2 16,908 29.3 3,142 37.4 7,959 14.5
...Third 6,530 5.4 3,982 6.9 733 8.7 1,815 3.3
...No care 1,931 1.6 1,178 2.0 222 2.6 531 1.0
...Unknown 976 0.8 483 0.8 85 1.0 408 0.7
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 1,404 1.2 707 1.2 153 1.8 544 1.0
...Missing
...Inadequate 22,076 18.3 13,978 24.2 2,682 31.9 5,416 9.9
...Intermediate 6,828 5.7 3,474 6.0 845 10.1 2,509 4.6
...Adequate 31,620 26.2 13,692 23.8 2,176 25.9 15,752 28.8
...Adequate Plus 58,837 48.7 25,799 44.8 2,551 30.3 30,487 55.7
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 119,262 98.8 57,384 99.5 8,399 99.9 53,479 97.8
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 610 0.5 87 0.2 5 0.1 518 0.9
...Other 893 0.7 179 0.3 3 0.0 711 1.3
MOTHER SMOKED? 10,776 8.9 9,559 16.6 21 0.2 1,196 2.2
...Yes
...No 109,627 90.8 48,008 83.3 8,385 99.7 53,234 97.3
...Unknown 362 0.3 83 0.1 1 0.0 278 0.5
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 4,243 3.5 2,584 4.5 147 1.7 1,512 2.8
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 51,178 42.4 21,223 36.8 2,826 33.6 27,129 49.6
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 29,790 24.7 13,590 23.6 2,727 32.4 13,473 24.6
...Obese (30.0+) 32,710 27.1 19,015 33.0 2,148 25.6 11,547 21.1
...Unknown 2,844 2.4 1,238 2.1 559 6.6 1,047 1.9
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 98,495 81.6 41,016 71.1 7,593 90.3 49,886 91.2
...Yes
...No 21,898 18.1 16,511 28.6 811 9.6 4,576 8.4
...Unknown 372 0.3 123 0.2 3 0.0 246 0.4
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 52,409 43.4 41,031 71.2 6,576 78.2 4,802 8.8
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 68,356 56.6 16,619 28.8 1,831 21.8 49,906 91.2


RISK FACTORS AND CHARACTERISTICS FOR
2016 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES (PRENATAL AND EMERGENCY) BY RACE/ETHNICITY

  TOTAL RACE/ETHNICITY:
White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Am. Ind., Non-Hispanic Other, Non-Hispanic Hispanic
Births Births Births Births Births Births
# % # % # % # % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 66,057 100.0 26,611 40.3 21,972 33.3 1,273 1.9 1,895 2.9 14,306 21.7
MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS: 57,650 87.3 26,520 99.7 21,866 99.5 1,273 100.0 1,784 94.1 6,207 43.4
...Prenatal Medicaid*
...Emergency Medicaid** 8,407 12.7 91 0.3 106 0.5 0 0 111 5.9 8,099 56.6
BIRTHWEIGHT GROUP: 167 0.3 40 0.2 97 0.4 3 0.2 1 0.1 26 0.2
...Less than 500 grams
...500-1499 grams 1,100 1.7 365 1.4 527 2.4 22 1.7 27 1.4 159 1.1
...1500-2499 grams 5,906 8.9 2,170 8.2 2,568 11.7 148 11.6 152 8.0 868 6.1
...2500+ grams 58,874 89.1 24,032 90.3 18,777 85.5 1,099 86.3 1,715 90.5 13,251 92.6
...Unknown 10 0.0 4 0.0 3 0.0 1 0.1 0 0 2 0.0
(OBSTETRIC) WEEKS OF GESTATION: 535 0.8 163 0.6 273 1.2 7 0.5 13 0.7 79 0.6
...< 27 weeks
...27-31 weeks 870 1.3 287 1.1 385 1.8 25 2.0 19 1.0 154 1.1
...32-36 weeks 6,195 9.4 2,456 9.2 2,401 10.9 141 11.1 150 7.9 1,047 7.3
...37+ weeks 58,426 88.4 23,696 89.0 18,901 86.0 1,099 86.3 1,712 90.3 13,018 91.0
...Unknown 31 0.0 9 0.0 12 0.1 1 0.1 1 0.1 8 0.1
MOTHER'S AGE: 1,878 2.8 599 2.3 705 3.2 54 4.2 23 1.2 497 3.5
...< 18 years
...18-34 years 57,290 86.7 23,828 89.5 19,432 88.4 1,125 88.4 1,569 82.8 11,336 79.2
...35+ years 6,889 10.4 2,184 8.2 1,835 8.4 94 7.4 303 16.0 2,473 17.3
MOTHER'S EDUCATION: 16,145 24.4 4,405 16.6 3,665 16.7 283 22.2 592 31.2 7,200 50.3
...Less than High School
...High School Graduate or GED 22,331 33.8 9,291 34.9 7,794 35.5 538 42.3 538 28.4 4,170 29.1
...Some College 22,224 33.6 10,541 39.6 8,556 38.9 389 30.6 469 24.7 2,269 15.9
...Bachelors Degree 4,279 6.5 1,951 7.3 1,566 7.1 55 4.3 213 11.2 494 3.5
...Masters or PhD 858 1.3 346 1.3 350 1.6 7 0.5 73 3.9 82 0.6
...Unknown 220 0.3 77 0.3 41 0.2 1 0.1 10 0.5 91 0.6
MARITAL STATUS: 22,935 34.7 11,664 43.8 3,930 17.9 325 25.5 1,224 64.6 5,792 40.5
...Married
...Unmarried 43,101 65.2 14,934 56.1 18,037 82.1 948 74.5 671 35.4 8,511 59.5
...Unknown 21 0.0 13 0.0 5 0.0 0 0 0 0 3 0.0
PARITY: 18,863 28.6 8,360 31.4 6,221 28.3 411 32.3 553 29.2 3,318 23.2
...1
...2-3 29,891 45.3 12,374 46.5 9,454 43.0 556 43.7 910 48.0 6,597 46.1
...4+ 17,253 26.1 5,859 22.0 6,279 28.6 305 24.0 430 22.7 4,380 30.6
...Unknown 50 0.1 18 0.1 18 0.1 1 0.1 2 0.1 11 0.1
PLURITY: 64,033 96.9 25,807 97.0 21,123 96.1 1,221 95.9 1,842 97.2 14,040 98.1
...Singleton
...Twin 1,973 3.0 789 3.0 830 3.8 52 4.1 50 2.6 252 1.8
...Other Multiples 51 0.1 15 0.1 19 0.1 0 0 3 0.2 14 0.1
METHOD OF DELIVERY: 47,136 71.4 18,769 70.5 15,097 68.7 845 66.4 1,443 76.1 10,982 76.8
...Vaginal
...C-Section 18,908 28.6 7,835 29.4 6,874 31.3 428 33.6 452 23.9 3,319 23.2
...Unknown 13 0.0 7 0.0 1 0.0 0 0 0 0 5 0.0
TRIMESTER CARE BEGAN: 39,324 59.5 17,271 64.9 12,661 57.6 737 57.9 975 51.5 7,680 53.7
...First
...Second 20,050 30.4 6,996 26.3 6,905 31.4 395 31.0 726 38.3 5,028 35.1
...Third 4,715 7.1 1,618 6.1 1,721 7.8 88 6.9 135 7.1 1,153 8.1
...No care 1,400 2.1 496 1.9 525 2.4 32 2.5 41 2.2 306 2.1
...Unknown 568 0.9 230 0.9 160 0.7 21 1.6 18 0.9 139 1.0
KOTELCHUCK INDEX: 860 1.3 322 1.2 265 1.2 22 1.7 23 1.2 228 1.6
...Missing
...Inadequate 16,660 25.2 5,617 21.1 5,987 27.2 301 23.6 570 30.1 4,185 29.3
...Intermediate 4,319 6.5 1,441 5.4 1,411 6.4 126 9.9 99 5.2 1,242 8.7
...Adequate 15,868 24.0 6,624 24.9 4,785 21.8 394 31.0 431 22.7 3,634 25.4
...Adequate Plus 28,350 42.9 12,607 47.4 9,524 43.3 430 33.8 772 40.7 5,017 35.1
PLACE OF DELIVERY: 65,783 99.6 26,426 99.3 21,916 99.7 1,270 99.8 1,887 99.6 14,284 99.8
...Hospital
...Home Birth (Intentional or not) 92 0.1 48 0.2 26 0.1 2 0.2 4 0.2 12 0.1
...Other 182 0.3 137 0.5 30 0.1 1 0.1 4 0.2 10 0.1
MOTHER SMOKED? 9,580 14.5 6,650 25.0 2,280 10.4 345 27.1 61 3.2 244 1.7
...Yes
...No 56,393 85.4 19,910 74.8 19,663 89.5 927 72.8 1,832 96.7 14,061 98.3
...Unknown 84 0.1 51 0.2 29 0.1 1 0.1 2 0.1 1 0.0
PRE-PREGNANCY BMI: 2,731 4.1 1,447 5.4 775 3.5 57 4.5 136 7.2 316 2.2
...Underweight (<18.5)
...Normal (18.5-24.9) 24,049 36.4 10,768 40.5 6,935 31.6 424 33.3 1,002 52.9 4,920 34.4
...Overweight (25.0-29.9) 16,317 24.7 6,032 22.7 5,169 23.5 300 23.6 423 22.3 4,393 30.7
...Obese (30.0+) 21,163 32.0 7,849 29.5 8,591 39.1 465 36.5 267 14.1 3,991 27.9
...Unknown 1,797 2.7 515 1.9 502 2.3 27 2.1 67 3.5 686 4.8
INFANT BEING BREASTFED AT DISCHARGE: 48,609 73.6 19,460 73.1 14,340 65.3 645 50.7 1,510 79.7 12,654 88.5
...Yes
...No 17,322 26.2 7,097 26.7 7,591 34.5 613 48.2 377 19.9 1,644 11.5
...Unknown 126 0.2 54 0.2 41 0.2 15 1.2 8 0.4 8 0.1
MOTHER'S WIC STATUS: 47,607 72.1 17,576 66.0 16,818 76.5 855 67.2 1,344 70.9 11,014 77.0
...Prenatal WIC
...No Prenatal WIC 18,450 27.9 9,035 34.0 5,154 23.5 418 32.8 551 29.1 3,292 23.0

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding.
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services


2016 NORTH CAROLINA RESIDENT LIVE BIRTHS:
MEDICAID DELIVERIES BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE

  TOTAL MOTHER'S MEDICAID STATUS:
Prenatal Medicaid* Emergency Medicaid** Non-Medicaid
Births Births Births
# % # % # %
TOTAL RESIDENT BIRTHS 120,765 57,650 47.7 8,407 7.0 54,708 45.3
RESIDENCE: 1,856 957 51.6 192 10.3 707 38.1
Alamance
Alexander 343 200 58.3 15 4.4 128 37.3
Alleghany 95 59 62.1 6 6.3 30 31.6
Anson 266 206 77.4 2 0.8 58 21.8
Ashe 209 128 61.2 8 3.8 73 34.9
Avery 149 74 49.7 15 10.1 60 40.3
Beaufort 431 272 63.1 36 8.4 123 28.5
Bertie 190 150 78.9 2 1.1 38 20.0
Bladen 333 234 70.3 24 7.2 75 22.5
Brunswick 978 563 57.6 43 4.4 372 38.0
Buncombe 2,595 1,224 47.2 170 6.6 1,201 46.3
Burke 900 616 68.4 79 8.8 205 22.8
Cabarrus 2,477 1,057 42.7 198 8.0 1,222 49.3
Caldwell 822 577 70.2 16 1.9 229 27.9
Camden 90 31 34.4 0 0 59 65.6
Carteret 546 259 47.4 24 4.4 263 48.2
Caswell 203 121 59.6 5 2.5 77 37.9
Catawba 1,664 1,045 62.8 96 5.8 523 31.4
Chatham 640 236 36.9 79 12.3 325 50.8
Cherokee 257 184 71.6 3 1.2 70 27.2
Chowan 113 78 69.0 3 2.7 32 28.3
Clay 101 68 67.3 6 5.9 27 26.7
Cleveland 1,059 763 72.0 12 1.1 284 26.8
Columbus 593 439 74.0 34 5.7 120 20.2
Craven 1,439 629 43.7 25 1.7 785 54.6
Cumberland 5,446 2,274 41.8 67 1.2 3,105 57.0
Currituck 262 89 34.0 5 1.9 168 64.1
Dare 319 135 42.3 36 11.3 148 46.4
Davidson 1,771 1,030 58.2 115 6.5 626 35.3
Davie 420 222 52.9 20 4.8 178 42.4
Duplin 706 363 51.4 188 26.6 155 22.0
Durham 4,346 1,509 34.7 593 13.6 2,244 51.6
Edgecombe 567 466 82.2 20 3.5 81 14.3
Forsyth 4,495 2,137 47.5 489 10.9 1,869 41.6
Franklin 683 365 53.4 34 5.0 284 41.6
Gaston 2,524 1,473 58.4 129 5.1 922 36.5
Gates 111 57 51.4 1 0.9 53 47.7
Graham 84 63 75.0 0 0 21 25.0
Granville 570 310 54.4 40 7.0 220 38.6
Greene 207 124 59.9 35 16.9 48 23.2
Guilford 6,258 3,350 53.5 410 6.6 2,498 39.9
Halifax 559 439 78.5 11 2.0 109 19.5
Harnett 1,861 723 38.9 100 5.4 1,038 55.8
Haywood 616 394 64.0 7 1.1 215 34.9
Henderson 1,089 569 52.2 104 9.6 416 38.2
Hertford 223 162 72.6 1 0.4 60 26.9
Hoke 935 321 34.3 47 5.0 567 60.6
Hyde 39 22 56.4 7 17.9 10 25.6
Iredell 1,924 962 50.0 96 5.0 866 45.0
Jackson 392 246 62.8 12 3.1 134 34.2
Johnston 2,336 1,082 46.3 222 9.5 1,032 44.2
Jones 83 52 62.7 3 3.6 28 33.7
Lee 810 453 55.9 100 12.3 257 31.7
Lenoir 647 474 73.3 42 6.5 131 20.2
Lincoln 809 451 55.7 16 2.0 342 42.3
McDowell 444 296 66.7 20 4.5 128 28.8
Macon 333 195 58.6 49 14.7 89 26.7
Madison 196 115 58.7 3 1.5 78 39.8
Martin 237 158 66.7 9 3.8 70 29.5
Mecklenburg 14,876 5,662 38.1 1,408 9.5 7,806 52.5
Mitchell 141 85 60.3 7 5.0 49 34.8
Montgomery 296 187 63.2 45 15.2 64 21.6
Moore 1,132 457 40.4 30 2.7 645 57.0
Nash 1,016 687 67.6 51 5.0 278 27.4
New Hanover 2,241 908 40.5 141 6.3 1,192 53.2
Northampton 200 160 80.0 7 3.5 33 16.5
Onslow 3,959 1,069 27.0 23 0.6 2,867 72.4
Orange 1,166 339 29.1 105 9.0 722 61.9
Pamlico 98 57 58.2 6 6.1 35 35.7
Pasquotank 479 269 56.2 19 4.0 191 39.9
Pender 651 319 49.0 37 5.7 295 45.3
Perquimans 122 71 58.2 1 0.8 50 41.0
Person 401 257 64.1 16 4.0 128 31.9
Pitt 2,023 1,128 55.8 75 3.7 820 40.5
Polk 140 68 48.6 6 4.3 66 47.1
Randolph 1,600 949 59.3 145 9.1 506 31.6
Richmond 518 407 78.6 26 5.0 85 16.4
Robeson 1,775 1,357 76.5 158 8.9 260 14.6
Rockingham 937 628 67.0 38 4.1 271 28.9
Rowan 1,650 990 60.0 114 6.9 546 33.1
Rutherford 659 485 73.6 15 2.3 159 24.1
Sampson 831 477 57.4 155 18.7 199 23.9
Scotland 455 378 83.1 1 0.2 76 16.7
Stanly 690 407 59.0 26 3.8 257 37.2
Stokes 380 207 54.5 6 1.6 167 43.9
Surry 723 443 61.3 58 8.0 222 30.7
Swain 169 132 78.1 1 0.6 36 21.3
Transylvania 263 170 64.6 7 2.7 86 32.7
Tyrrell 51 23 45.1 10 19.6 18 35.3
Union 2,416 842 34.9 218 9.0 1,356 56.1
Vance 530 409 77.2 38 7.2 83 15.7
Wake 13,019 3,708 28.5 967 7.4 8,344 64.1
Warren 177 141 79.7 7 4.0 29 16.4
Washington 126 108 85.7 3 2.4 15 11.9
Watauga 367 158 43.1 8 2.2 201 54.8
Wayne 1,636 912 55.7 151 9.2 573 35.0
Wilkes 691 459 66.4 23 3.3 209 30.2
Wilson 964 593 61.5 86 8.9 285 29.6
Yadkin 392 215 54.8 37 9.4 140 35.7
Yancey 154 78 50.6 8 5.2 68 44.2

* Medicaid paid for prenatal care and delivery. ** Medicaid paid for delivery only, not prenatal care.
% Columns may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding
Source: State Center for Health Statistics NC Department of Health and Human Services